Ancient Egypt Wiki
Advertisement
Preceded by:
Nayfaurud II
Pharaoh of Egypt
30th Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Teos
Nectanebo I
Ancient Egyptian: Nakhtnebef
Koine Greek: Νεκτανέβης (Nektanebes)
Nectanebo I

Statue of Nectanebo I at the Museo Arqueológico Nacional in Madrid.

Reign
379-361 BC (18 years)
Praenomen
M23
t
L2
t
<
raxprkA
>
Kheperkare
Manifestation of Re's Soul
Nomen
G39N5
<
n
M3
x t
D40
nb
f
>
Nakhtnebef
Strong One of his Lord
Horus name
G5
T
U2
Z1
a
Srxtail2
Tjemaa
He whose Arm is Strong
Nebty name
G16smn
n
x
mnx
N19
Smenkhtawy
He who makes the Two Lands
Admirable
Golden Horus
G8ir
t Z1
N36
R8A
Iretmerynetjeru
Whose Accomplishments are
the Gods' Desires
Legacy
Father Djedhor
Issue Teos, Tjahapimu
Died 361 BC
Burial Unknown
Monuments Temple of Isis on Philae,
Began with the 1st Pylon of
the Temple of Amun at Karnak
Not to be confused with Nectanebo II.

Kheperkare Nakhtnebef (transliteration: nꜤḫt-nb-f, meaning: "Strong One of his Lord"), better known as Nectanabo I, was a Pharaoh of the Thirtieth Dynasty of Egypt during the Late Period.

In 379 BC, Nectanebo deposed and killed Nefaarud II, starting the last dynasty of Egyptian kings. He seems to have spent much of his reign defending his kingdom from Persian reconquest with the occasional help of troops from Athens or Sparta.

He is also known as a great builder who erected many monuments and temples throughout his long and stable 18 year reign. Nectanebo I restored numerous dilapidated temples throughout Egypt and erected a small kiosk on the sacred island of Philae which would become one of the most important religious cites in ancient Egypt.[1] This was the first phase of the temple of Isis at Philae; he also built at el-Kab, Memphis and the Nile Delta sites of Saft el-Hinna and Tanis.[2] He also significantly erected a stela before a pylon of Ramesses II at Hermopolis.[3] He also built the first pylon in the temple of Karnak. From about 364 BC, Nectanebo was a co-regent with his son Teos, who succeeded him. He died in 361 BC and was succeeded by Teos on the throne.

References[]

  1. Clayton 1994, p. 203.
  2. Grimal 1992, p. 377.
  3. Lloyd 2000, p. 386.

Bibilography[]

  • Clayton, P., 1994: Chronicle of the Pharaohs. Thames & Hudson Ltd, London.
  • Grimal, N., 1992: A History of Ancient Egypt. Blackwell Books, Oxford.
  • Lloyd, A.B., 2000: The Late Period. In: Shaw, I. (ed.): The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press.
Predecessor:
Nayfaurud II
Pharaoh of Egypt
30th Dynasty
Successor:
Teos
Advertisement