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Nefertari
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nfr-tỉry
"Beautiful Companion"
NefertariThutmoseIV

Nefertari with her husband Thutmose IV at the Ägyptisches Museum, Leipzig.©

Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Thutmose IV
Titles King's Great Wife
Spouse(s) Thutmose IV
Burial Unknown
For other pages by this name, see Nefertari.

Nefertari (ancient Egyptian: nfr-tỉry, "Beautiful Companion") was a Queen of the Eighteenth Dynasty during the New Kingdom.

Family[]

Nefertari was the first King's Great Wife of Pharaoh Thutmose IV.[1] Her origins are unknown, it is likely that she was a commoner. On several depictions she and Queen Mother Tiaa are depicted as goddesses accompanying Thutmose IV. In Year 7 the new Great Royal Wife was Thutmose's sister Iaret; Nefertari either died or was pushed into the background when Iaret was old enough to become Thutmose's wife.[2]

It is not known whether any children were born to either Nefertari or Iaret; after Thutmose IV's death the next pharaoh was Amenhotep III, the son of a secondary wife called Mutemwia.[1]

Attestations[]

She was depicted together with her husband before gods in Giza, on eight stelae. She was also shown on a stela found in the Luxor temple and was mentioned on a scarab found at the harem palace at Merwer (the current site of Medinet el-Ghurob).[1]

Burial[]

Nefertari probably died in Year 7 of her husband's reign. The whereabouts of her tomb and mummy remain unknown.

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 140.
  2. Shaw 2000, p. 241.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Shaw, I., 2000: The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press.
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