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Neithhotep A
Neithhotep tomb
Dynasty First Dynasty
Titles Consort of the Two Ladies

Foremost of Women

Family Narmer (husband)

Hor-Aha (son)

Burial Royal Tomb

Neithhotep A, meaning 'Neith is Satisfied'[1] is an Egyptian Queen from the First Dynasty. She is thought to be the wife of Narmer[2] and the mother of Hor-Aha, however she could also have been his wife as an ivory lid with her name was found in the tomb of Djer. But Aha and Djer's tomb are close by meaning this piece could have strayed[3]. It is thought she wasdecended from the Predynastic Rulers situaed at Naqada[2]. Her Titles included 'Consort of the Two Ladies' and 'Foremost of Women' [4][3]

Not much is known of her life, though some believe her wedding is portrayed upon the Narmer Macehead though there is no corroborative evidence to agree with this. In addition her name is found within a serekh (crossed with two arrow instead of Horus) and from this it is thought she may have outlived Narmer and was buried by her son with others taking it as evidence she ruled on behalf of her infant son[2]. She is attributed as far as Helwan from a label[3].

She is known to have been buried in the Royal Tomb at Naqada with her tomb originally being thought to have belonged to Menes. Chamber C of her tomb is known for three obsidian bowls discovered there[2]. This tomb also revealed an ebony label with Hor-Aha's Nebti name of 'Men' which was why the tomb was thought originally to be that of Menes.[5][6].


  1. Tyldesley, J. (2011) Myths & Legends of Ancient Egypt Glasgow: Ellipsis Books Limited.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Wilkinson, T, A, H. (2001) Early Dynastic Egypt London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-26011-6.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Dodson, A & Hilton, D. (2005) The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 9774249577
  4. Tyldesley, J. (2006) The Complete Queens of Egypt Cairo: American University Press.
  5. Adams, B and Cialowicz, K.M. (1988) Protodynastic Egypt Buckinghamshire: Shire Publications.
  6. Clayton, P.A (2001) Chronicles of the Pharaohs London: Thames & Hudson.