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"The One who Belongs to Amun"
Dynasty 20th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Ramesses IXRamesses XI
Titles Second Prophet of Amun
Father Ramessesnakhte
Mother Adjedet-Aa
Burial Unknown
For other pages by this name, see Nesamun.

Nesamun (transliteration: ns-ỉmn, meaning: "The One who Belongs to Amun") was an ancient Egyptian priest of the Twentieth Dynasty during the New Kingdom. He held the office of Second Prophet of Amun and at times fulfilled the role normally played by the acting High Priest of Amun.[1]


Nesamun is a son of the High Priest of Amun Ramessesnakhte and his wife Adjedet-Aat. His older brother, Amenhotep, succeeded their father as High Priest. Other brothers include Merybastet II and Usermaatrenakhte II. He also had a sister called Aatmeret.


At the end of the New Kingdom, Nesamun rose to the position of Second Prophet in the priesthood of Amun at Thebes. During the first phase of the pontificate of his brother, Amenhotep, it was a certain Tjanefer who is attested as Second Prophet of Amun, showing that Nesamun only became prominent later. It has been postulated that Nesamun may have acted as 'temporary' High Priest to replace his brother during the transgression against the latter by the Viceroy of Kush Panehesy.[2]

In the famous Oracle of Year 7 of the wḥm-mswt, Nesamun is still presented as Second Prophet together with the High Priest of Amun Piankh.[3] However, it has been pointed out that Piankh more or less stands aside and allows Nesamun to perform the role normally played solely by the acting High Priest.[1]


The whereabouts of Nesamun's tomb and mummy remain unknown, but given his position he was presumably buried somewhere at the Theban Necropolis.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Bell 1980, p. 44.
  2. Thijs 2009, p. 343-353.
  3. Nims 1948, p. 157-162.


  • Bell, L., 1980: Serapis 6.
  • Nims, C.F., 1948: An Oracle Dated in "The Repeating of Births". Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 7, No. 3.
  • Thijs, A., 2009: The Second Prophet Nesamun and his claim to the High-Priesthood. Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur (SAK), Vol. 38.