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"The One who Belongs to the Lady of Asheru"

Mummy of Nestanebetashru (Smith 1912).

Dynasty 21st Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) SiamunPsusennes II
Titles Chief of the Harem of Amun-Re
Father Pinedjem II
Mother Neskhonsu
Spouse(s) Psusennes II (?)
Issue Djedptahiuefankh (?)
Burial TT320
For other pages by this name, see Nestanebetashru.

Nestanebetashru (transliteration: ns-tꜢ-nb.t-ỉšrw, meaning: "The One who Belongs to the Lady of Asheru") was an ancient Egyptian noble woman of the Twenty-first Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period.


Nestanebetashru held the titles;[1] Chief of the Harem of Amun-Re, Chantress of Amun-Re, Chantress of Mut, Chantress of Onuris-Shu, Chantress of Nekhbet at Eileithyiaspolis, Chantress of Osiris, Isis and Horus at Abydos. Many of her titles were also held by her mother.


See also: 21st Dynasty Family Tree.

Nestanebetashru was the daughter of the High Priest of Amun, Pinedjem II, and his wife, Neskhonsu.[2] Since Nestanebetashru held the prominent position of Chief of the Harem of Amun-Re, she must have been married to a High Priest of Amun, possibly her brother Psusennes II. Alternatively, it has been conjectured that Djedptahiuefankh was her husband.[3] However, this is based purely on the fact that Djedptahiuefankh was buried next to Nestanebetashru.[4] On the same basis, it seems more probable that they shared a mother-son relationship instead, since Djedptahiuefankh was not a High Priest and is known to have lived well into the reign of Shoshenq I of the 22nd Dynasty.


Nestanebetashru was buried in the royal cache at Deir el-Bahari. Her mummy, coffins and ushabtis were discovered there in 1981 and are now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.[5] According to her linen docket, she was buried in Year 13 of an unspecified ruler.[6]

Her funeral text, known as the Greenfield Papyrus, is one of the longest on record and is currently held at the British Museum.[7]


Nestanebetashru Mummy

Mummy of Nestanebetashru (Smith 1912).

Nestanebetashru's mummy has the inventory number CG 61096 and was found in her original double coffin set. The mummy was unwrapped by Gaston Maspero on June 30th, 1886.[6] Smith refers to her mummy as "one of the finest specimens of the embalmer's art in the 21st Dynasty", and noted that the earlier mistake of "over packing and distending the face" has not occurred in this case.[8]


  1. Wallis Budge 1912.
  2. Dodson & Hilton 2004.
  3. Niwiński 1988.
  4. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 203.
  5. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 208.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Nestanebtishru's Burial in TT320". The Theban Royal Mummy Project, by William Max Miller.
  7. "Nestanebetisheru". British Museum.
  8. Smith 1912.


  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Niwiński, A., 1988: The Wives of Pinudjem II: A Topic for Discussion. The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 74.
  • Smith, G.E., 1912: The Royal Mummies: Catalogue Général des Antiquités Égyptiennes du Musée de Caire. Duckworth. (Reprinted year 2000 version).
  • Wallis Budge, E.A., 1912: The Greenfield papyrus in the British Museum.

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