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Nile Delta

Nile River and Delta.©

The Nile Delta is the river delta of the Nile river, which is formed in Lower Egypt where the Nile spreads out into seperate branches, each flowing into the Mediterranean Sea.


It is one of the world's largest river deltas covering 240 km (150 mi) of Mediterranean coastline. From north to south the delta is approximately 160 km (100 mi) in length. The Delta begins slightly up-river from ancient Letopolis and Heliopolis.

Records from ancient times (such as the account of Claudius Ptolemy) show that the Nile Delta had seven distributaries or branches, (from east to west):[1]

  • Pelusiac
  • Tanitic
  • Mendesian
  • Phatnitic
  • Sebennytic
  • Bolbitine
  • Canopic


  1. Cooper 2014, p. 76.


  • Cooper, J., 2014: The Medieval Nile: Route, Navigation, and Landscape in Islamic Egypt. The American University in Cairo Press.