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Ombos
Ancient Egyptian: Nebyt
S13iit
O49
nbwy.t
Location Naqada
Coordinates 25°54′N 32°43′E
Region Upper Egypt
Nome Horwy
Main deities Set

Ombos (ancient Egyptian: nbwy.t, modern: Naqada) is an Ancient Egyptian town on the west bank of the Nile, located in Upper Egypt. It governed under Horwy, the fifth nome of Upper Egypt. The town was the centre of the cult of Set, or Nubty, as he is called in the Pyramid Texts, and as evidenced by inscribed blocks found at Naqada.

The modern archaeological site of Naqada includes a necropolis and comprises of the villages of Tukh, Khatara, Danfiq, and Zawayda.

Ashh

Ash as depicted from Peribsen seals

A

Winged set worshiped as the "Bull of Nubt" in Ombos

Set was thought to have been born in the Naqada region and had been connected with the kingship from Early Dynastic times at least, appearing on the macehead of King Scorpion. Along with Horus, Set was embodied in the person of the king. First Dynasty queens held the title "she who sees Horus and Set," and the Second Dynasty king Peribsen emphasized Set as his protector. There are ruins of the temple dedicated to Set which dates to the 18th Dynasty in New Kingdom times.[1]

It is also possible that Ash was worshipped as the original chief deity of Ombos.[2]

Naqada Culture[]

The Naqada culture is an archaeological culture of Chalcolithic Predynastic Egypt (ca. 4400–3000 BC), named for the town of Naqada, Qena Governorate. A 2013 Oxford University radio carbon dating study of the Predynastic period, however, suggests a much later date beginning sometime between 3,800–3,700 BC.

References[]

  1. "Naqada". touregypt.net.
  2. Hart 2005.

Bibliography[]

  • Hart, G., 2005: The Routledge Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, (2nd ed.). Routledge, London.
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