Ancient Egypt Wiki
Advertisement
Osorkon
V4Aa18iD21
V31
n
wsỉrkn
Osorkon C

The Talisman of Osorkon at the Louvre Museum in Paris (E10943). (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Predecessor:
Unknown
Governor of Sais Successor:
Tefnakhte I
Dynasty 22nd Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Shoshenq V and Osorkon IV
Titles Nomarch of Nit-Mehu and Amentet
Mayor of Sais, Buto and Momemphis
General
Priest of Neith, Wadjet and Hathor
Died Prior to 725 BC
Burial Unknown
For other pages by this name, see Osorkon.

Osorkon (transliteration: wsỉrkn) was Great Chief of the Ma and Governor of Sais under Pharaohs Shoshenq V and Osorkon IV of the Twenty-second Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period. Osorkon held a significant position of power in the western Nile Delta and was succeeded in his career by Tefnakhte I, who would declare kingship and establish the Saite Twenty-fourth Dynasty.

Biography[]

Osorkon is best known from the so-called "talisman of Osorkon" (Louvre E10943) – a faience amulet depicting the creation of the world with the god Re-Horakhty as an infant, sitting on a lotus flower which rises from the primal waters[1] – and also by some ushabtis now in London.[2] On the talisman, he is called Great Chief of the Ma, Army leader, Prophet of Neith, Prophet of Wadjet and of the Lady of Yamu (i.e. Hathor), showing that he ruled over the cities of Sais, Buto and Momemphis respectively, in the end a considerable part of the Western Nile Delta.

Osorkon was probably succeeded by the future pharaoh and founder of the 24th Dynasty, Tefnakhte. In fact, in his early career Tefnakht held almost the same titles of Osorkon – plus other titles, most noticeably Great Chief of the Libu and Great Chief of the West – suggesting that he was his immediate successor. However, the two were apparently unrelated as Osorkon can't be identified with both Tefnakhte's father and grandfather, whom were named Gemenefsutkapu and Basa respectively; this situation suggested that Osorkon was overthrown by Tefnakhte.[3]

References[]

  1. Yoyotte 1960.
  2. Moje 2008.
  3. Del Francia 2000.

Bibliography[]

  • Francia, P.R. del, 2000: Di una statuetta dedicata ad Amon-Ra dal grande capo dei Ma Tefnakht nel Museo Egizio di Firenze. In: Russo, S. (ed.): Atti del V Convegno Nazionale di Egittologia e Papirologia, Firenze, 10-12 dicembre 1999. Firenze, p. 76-82.
  • Moje, J., 2008: Die Uschebtis des Osorkon C von Sais. Bemerkungen zu den Totenstatuetten lokaler Regenten der Dritten Zwischenzeit. Bulletin de la société d'Égyptologie Genève, Vol. 28, p. 81–95.
  • Yoyotte, J., 1960: Le talismán de la victoire d'Osorkon. Bulletin de la Société française d'Égyptologie, Vol. 31, p. 13–22.
Predecessor:
Unknown
Governor of Sais
22nd Dynasty
Successor:
Tefnakhte I
Advertisement