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Overseer of the Royal Harem was an ancient Egyptian occupational title held by a high ranking official. The duty of an Overseer of the Royal Harem was to supervise and inspect the pharaoh's secondary wives and concubines, who lived inside royal palaces. Since the titleholders were put in charge of women, it could be held by – not only men – but women of high nobility as well.

The title is not to be confused with the "Overseer of the Harem" (of a deity), who was put in charge of the Chantresses within a particular priesthood. However, chantresses were only their deity's harem in a symbolic sense as they rarely lived in celibacy. They nonetheless served a very similar entertaining role to the deity of their priesthood as the royal harem did to the pharaoh, who was essentially considered a living god himself. The key difference between a deity's harem and the royal harem is that chantresses who served in a priesthood could have been married to anyone, while entertainers in the royal harem primarily served as the king's consorts.

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