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Padibastet
Pedubastis
HASHD37
W
HASH
…-dỉw-…
pAD37
W
W1t
t
pꜢ-dỉw-bꜢst.t
"The Gift of Bast"
Predecessor:
Smendes III
High Priest of Amun Successor:
Nimlot
Dynasty 23rd Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Horsaiset
Titles King's Son
High Priest of Amun
Father Horsaiset
Issue Horsaiset
Burial Unknown
For other pages by this name, see Padibastet.

Padibastet (transliteration: pꜢ-dỉw-bꜢst.t, meaning: "The Gift of Bast"), Hellenized as Pedubast or Pedubastis, was an ancient Egyptian prince of the Twenty-third Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period.

Padibastet is merely known from a statue from Coptos (JE 37516), which only partially preserves his name as …dỉw… and records him as the High Priest of Amun and son of Pharaoh Horsaiset. Aidan Dodson proposed restoring his name to Padibastet.[1] …dỉw… is known to have had a son named Horsaiset, who later became High Priest of Amun as well.

He had a sister named Isetweret. She was married to Horsaiset, who became the Fourth and ultimately Second Prophet of Amun at Karnak late under Osorkon II.[1]

Career[]

If Horsaiset was indeed a son of the previous High Priest of Amun Smendes III,[2] it seems likely that, when Smendes III died prior to Year 4 of Osorkon II, Horsaiset established himself as a rival king in Upper Egypt, bestowing his father's post as High Priest of Amun directly onto his own son, Padibastet.

Osorkon II's control over Thebes is first documented by two separate Year 12 Nile Level Texts, which means that Horsaiset had died by this time. As a result, Horsaiset's son Padibastet seems to have been replaced as High Priest of Amun with Osorkon II's own son Nimlot.

Padibastet could be identical to Pharaoh Padibastet I, who established himself as king in Thebes during the rebellion in Takelot II's Year 11. It does seems likely that – as the son of Pharaoh Horsaiset – he would have had a legitimate claim to the throne and garnished support in Thebes.

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Dodson 2019, p. 107.
  2. Dodson 2019, p. 106.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A., 2012 (Revised and Updated 2019 Edition): Afterglow of Empire: Egypt from the Fall of the New Kingdom to the Saite Renaissance. The American University in Cairo Press.
Predecessor:
Smendes III
High Priest of Amun
23rd Dynasty
Successor:
Nimlot
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