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Preceded by:
Iuput I
Pharaoh of Egypt
22nd Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Shoshenq V
Padibastet II
Pedubast, Pedubastis
Padibastet II

Padibastet II's bronze torso at the Gulbenkian Museum in Lisbon, Portugal. (CC BY 2.0)

Reign
802-775 BC (27 years)
Praenomen
M23
t
L2
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raF12C10imn
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U21
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Usermaatre-Setepenamun
Powerful Justice of Re,
Chosen of Amun
Nomen
G39N5
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N36
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Padibastet-Meryamun-Sibastet
The Gift of Bast, Beloved of
Amun, Son of Bast
Legacy
Father Iuput I (?)
Died 775 BC
Burial Unknown
For other pages by this name, see Padibastet.

Usermaatre-Setepenamun Padibastet II (transliteration: pꜢ-dỉ-bꜢst.t, meaning: "The Gift of Bast"), Hellenized as Pedubast or Pedubastis, was a pharaoh of the 22nd Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period. He ruled over an uncertain territory in Lower Egypt as a rival king to Shoshenq III, who ruled from Tanis. Padibastet was allied with Shoshenq VI, who ruled over Upper Egypt from Thebes.

Name[]

Padibastet II took the throne name (or prenomen) Usermaatre-Setepenamun (transliteration: wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp-n-ỉmn, meaning: "Powerful Justice of Re, Chosen One of Amun"), which is identical to that of Padibastet I. They also both accompanied their birth name (or nomen) with the epithet Meryamun (mry-ỉmn, "Beloved of Amun"). Padibastet II, however, is known to have accompanied his birth name (or nomen) with an additional epithet, Sibastet (sꜢ-bst.t, "Son of Bast"), which separates him from his namesake predecessor. His name is thus realised as Usermaatre-Setepenamun Padibastet-Meryamun-Sibastet.

Existence and identity[]

Aidan Dodson proposes two Padibastet kings bearing the prenomen Usermaatre-Setepenamun. In support of this he points out that "the epithets were sufficient to distinguish between the cartouches of Osorkon II and III".[1] A parallel argument has been made for Shoshenq IV, who scholars often distinguish from Shoshenq I by the use of the same Sibastet epithet that may distinguish Padibastet II from I.

References[]

  1. Dodson 2019, p. 123.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A., 2012 (Revised and Updated 2019 Edition): Afterglow of Empire: Egypt from the Fall of the New Kingdom to the Saite Renaissance. The American University in Cairo Press.
Predecessor:
Iuput I
Pharaoh of Egypt
22nd Dynasty
Successor:
Shoshenq V


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