Ancient Egypt Wiki
Advertisement
Preceded by:
Shoshenq IV
Pharaoh of Egypt
22nd Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Shoshenq V
Pami
Pamiu
Reign
783–776 BC (6 years)
Praenomen
M23
t
L2
t
<
rawsrmAatraU21
n
>
Usermaatre-Setepenre
Powerful Justice of Re,
Chosen of Re
Nomen
G39N5
<
imn
n
N36
pAmiii
>
Pami-Meryamun
The Cat, Beloved of Amun
Legacy
Father probably Shoshenq III, or else
Shoshenq IV
Issue Shoshenq V
Died 776 BC
Burial NRT II, Tanis

Usermaatre-Setepenre Pami, or Pamiu (transliteration: pꜢ-mỉw, meaning: "The Cat"), was the ninth pharaoh of the 22nd Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period. He ruled over Lower Egypt from Tanis.

Name[]

Pami took the throne name (or prenomen) Usermaatre-Setepenre (transliteration: wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp-n-rꜤ, meaning: "Powerful Justice of Re, Chosen of Re"), which appears to emulate that of Ramesses the Great. Like Ramesses, Pami also used the epithet Meryamun (ỉmn-mry, "Beloved of Amun") to accompany his birth name (or nomen).

The name Pami had previously been misread from a text of a small statuary group (CG 9430) as Pamay or Pimay (pꜢ-mꜢy, "The Lion") by past historians.[1]

Family[]

Pami is probably identical to the prince Pami attested (on CG 9430) as "Great Chief of the Ma, Son of the Lord of the Two Lands, Shoshenq-Meryamun".[2][3] Although, it remains uncertain which king is meant by "Shoshenq-Meryamun" (as it could refer to Shoshenq I, III, IV or V), given the fact that Pami is now shown to be Shoshenq IV's direct successor, it may refer to him. However, he is usually seen as a son of Shoshenq III. The latter claim is supported by the same use of throne names and epithets which might suggest a filial link.

Pami is known to have been the father of his succesor, Shoshenq V.

Dates and length of reign[]

According to stelae discovered at the Serapeum of Saqqara, an Apis bull was buried in Year 2 of Pami's reign. This bull had been inducted in Year 28 of Shoshenq III and lived for 26 years, revealing that 14 years separated Shoshenq III's highest known regnal year (Year 39) from Pami's accession.[4] It is now recognized that Shoshenq IV's reign of at least a decade must be placed in between.[5]

On a reused stone block from an enclosure wall at Heliopolis, annals were found which document the deeds of various Twenty-second Dynasty pharaohs, however, only the section concerning Pami's reign had survived. It chronicles the king's annual donations to both the gods of the Great Temple of Heliopolis and to other local deities and temples in this city. While the ending of the block is damaged, the donation of the 7th regnal year can be clearly seen for Pami, with an entry for the subsequent year being possible.[6] Pami, therefore, reigned for over six full years.

Burial[]

Pami was buried in the NRT II tomb at the royal necropolis of Tanis.

References[]

  1. Mahmoud 2020, p. 31-32.
  2. Kitchen 1986, p. 103, no. 90
  3. Yoyotte 1988, p. 155.
  4. Dodson 2019, p. 127.
  5. Dodson 2019, p. 127-128.
  6. Tallet et al. 1998.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A., 2012 (Revised and Updated 2019 Edition): Afterglow of Empire: Egypt from the Fall of the New Kingdom to the Saite Renaissance. The American University in Cairo Press.
  • Kitchen, K.A., 1986: The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (1100-650 B.C.). Aris & Phillips, Warminster.
  • Mahmoud, H.M., 2020: The Chronology of the Cat King (Pami), Journal of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists, Vol. 5, no. 2, p. 29-43.
  • Tallet, P./Bickel, S./Gabolde, M., 1998: Des annales héliopolitanes de la Troisième pèriode intermédiaire. BIFAO 98, p. 31-56.
  • Yoyotte, J., 1988: Des lions et des chats Contribution à la prosopographie de l'époque libyenne. RdE 39, p. 155-178.
Predecessor:
Shoshenq IV
Pharaoh of Egypt
22nd Dynasty
Successor:
Shoshenq V
Advertisement