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Preceded by:
Djed…re
(indirectly?)
Pharaoh of Egypt
14th Dynasty (?)
Succeeded by:
Menibre (?)
Pepi III
Praenomen
rasF35S34
Seneferankhre
He who causes Life to be
Beautiful, Re
Nomen
p
p
ii
Pepi
Legacy
Burial Unknown
For other pages by this name, see Pepi.

Seneferankhre Pepi III (transliteration: ppy) may have been a Pharaoh of the Fourteenth Dynasty during the Second Intermediate Period. He is merely attested by a single scarab-shaped seal bearing his name.

Chronological Position[]

Pepi III may be identical to the Senefer…re in the Turin King List (Col 9. Line 7 as per Gardiner),[1] making him a pharaoh of the Canaanite 14th Dynasty. According to Wolfgang Helck[2] and Jürgen von Beckerath[3] he was a ruler of the 16th Dynasty, which they view as consisting of vassals of the Hyksos. According to Danish Egyptologist Kim Ryholt, however, Pepi's scarab-seal stylisticly does not belong to the Second Intermediate Period. Ryholt dates the seal to the First Intermediate Period instead, noting however that this is a very early date for a scarab-seal.[4] The earliest scarabs otherwise appear only with the reign of Senusret III of the late 12th Dynasty during the Middle Kingdom.[5]

References[]

  1. Gardiner 1987.
  2. Helck 1986, p. 1383.
  3. Von Beckerath 1964; 1997.
  4. Ryholt 1997.
  5. Siesse 2016, p. 243.

Bibliography[]

  • Beckerath, J. von, 1964: Untersuchungen zur politischen Geschichte der Zweiten Zwischenzeit in Ägypten. Glückstadt.
  • Beckerath, J. von, 1997: Chronologie des pharaonischen Ägyptens. Münchner Ägyptologische Studien, Vol. 46. Mainz am Rhein.
  • Gardiner, A., 1987: The Royal Canon of Turin. Griffith Institute, Oxford.
  • Helck, W./Otto, E./Westendorf, W., 1986: Stele - Zypresse: Volume 6 of Lexikon der Ägyptologie. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag.
  • Ryholt, K., 1997: The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period c.1800-1550 B.C. Museum Tuscalanum Press.
  • Siesse, J., 2016: An unpublished Scarab of Queen Tjan (Thirteenth Dynasty) from the Louvre Museum (AF 6755). In: Gianluca Miniaci, Wolfram Grajetzki (eds.): The World of Middle Kingdom Egypt (2000-1550 BC), Vol. ii, London.
Predecessor:
Djed…re
(indirectly?)
Pharaoh of Egypt
14th Dynasty (?)
Successor:
Menibre (?)
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