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House of Ramesses II"
Location Qantir
Coordinates 30°47′56″N 31°50′9″E
Region Lower Egypt
Nome Amti-Pehut
Founder Ramesses II
Founded 13th century BCE
Abandoned ca. 1060 BCE
Main deities Amun-Ra, Wadjet, Ptah, Set, Astarte[1]
Monuments Palace of Ramesses II, Festival Hall,
Temples of Amun, Ra, Wadjet, Ptah,
Set and Astarte, Harbor of Avaris,
Military Barracks and Stables

Per-Ramesses (ancient Egyptian: pr-rʿmss-ỉmn-mry, modern: Qantir) was the new ancient Egyptian capital built by the Nineteenth Dynasty Pharaoh Ramesses II. It was situated on an island on the Pelusiac branch of the eastern Nile Delta in Lower Egypt. As the country's capital city it probably also functioned as the provincial capital of Amti-Pehut, the nineteenth nome of Lower Egypt.

At the city's height, near the end of the 13th century BCE, it held a population of somewhere between 160,000 and 300,000 inhabitants, making it the largest city in the world at the time.


Per-Ramesses was built on an island on the Pelusiac branch in the eastern Nile Delta. To the south-west it shared a large port with Avaris (modern: Tell el'Daba), which was situated on the east bank of the Pelusiac branch of the Nile at the time. The temples of Set and Astarte at Avaris likewise became part of the greater city.


  1. "Pi-Ramesses".
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