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Philae
Ancient Egyptian: Pa-Irek
G40N30
r
V31
t O49
pꜢ-ỉrk
"Island at the End"
PhilaeTemple

The temple of Isis from Philae at its current location on Agilkia Island in Laker Nasser.©

Location Philae
Coordinates 24°1′15″N 32°53′22″E
Region Lower Nubia
Main deities Isis
Monuments Temple of Isis, Kiosk of Trajan

Philae (Greek: Φιλαί), or Pa-Irek in ancient Egyptian (transliteration: pꜢ-ỉrk, meaning: "Island at the End"), is an island on the Nile in Lower Nubia, located just south of the 1st Cataract. It contained a large temple complex. Due to the construction of the Aswan Low Dam in 1902, the island is flooded during most parts of the year.[1] The temple complex was dismantled and moved to nearby Agilkia Island as part of the UNESCO Nubia Campaign project, protecting this and other complexes before the 1970 completion of the Aswan High Dam.[2]

PhilaeKiosk&Temple

The Kiosk of Trajan (left) with the temple of Isis (right) on Agilkia Island.©

The oldest standing monuments from Philae date to Nectanebo I, but stone blocks in the foundations are dated as early as the time of Taharqa.[1]

PhilaeMap

The temple complex as it stood on Philae.touregypt.net ©

See also[]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Baines & Málek 1980, p. 73.
  2. The Rescue of Nubian Monuments and Sites, UNESCO project site about Nubia Campaign.

Bibliography[]

  • Baines, J./Málek, J., 1980: Atlas of Ancient Egypt. Equinox, Oxford.
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