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Preceded by:
Smendes II
High Priest of Amun
21st Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Psusennes II
Pinedjem II
Paynedjem
Pinedjem II

Pinedjem II making an offering to the god Osiris in his Book of the Dead.©

Reign 995–976 BC (19 years)
Nomen
G40Z4M29Aa15
Y1
Pinedjem
The Pleasant One
Father Menkheperre
Mother Isetemakhbit
Spouse(s) Isetemakhbit, Neskhonsu
Issue Psusennes II, Henuttawy (?),
Herweben, Maatkare, Tjanefer,
Masaharta, Itawy, Nestanebetashru
Died 976 BC
Burial TT320
For other pages by this name, see Pinedjem.

Pinedjem II (transliteration: pꜢy-nḏm, meaning: "The Pleasant One") was the seventh High Priest of Amun of the Twenty-first Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period.

Family[]

See also: 21st Dynasty Family Tree.

Pinedjem II was a son of the High Priest of Amun Menkheperre and Isetemakhbit. He was the grandson of Pinedjem I, after whom he was undoubtedly named. His older brother, Smendes II, preceded him as High Priest of Amun. His younger brothers include; Tjanefer, who held the position of Third Prophet of Amun, Psusennes, Hori, and Ankhefenmut. After Pinedjem II became High Priest, Tjanefer briefly took the position of Second Prophet of Amun.

Pinedjem II was married to his sister Isetemakhbit and his niece Neskhonsu, who was the daughter of his brother Smendes II.[1] Isetemakhbit bore him four children; Psusennes II, Henuttawy, Herweben,[2] and Maatkare. While another four children by Neskhonsu are known; Tjanefer, Masaharta, Itawy, and Nestanebetashru.[3]

Burial[]

Pinedjem II Mummy

Mummy of Pinedjem II (Smith 1912).

Pinedjem II died in Year 10 of Siamun (976 BC). His mummy, along with those of his wives and at least one daughter, Nesitanebetashru, were interred in his TT320 rock-cut tomb at Deir el-Bahari, above the mortuary temple of Hatshepsut. Subsequently, the mummies of other previous Theban-based rulers, including the much earlier New Kingdom pharaohs Ahmose II, Amenhotep I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III, Ramesses I, Seti I, Ramesses II, and Ramesses IX were gathered together and also laid in this tomb, which was revealed in 1881. This was done to prevent their remains from being robbed as their graves have been looted by many ancient tomb raiders.

Mummy[]

Pinedjem II's mummy was discovered by authorities in 1881. His mummy had been trasported to the Cairo Museum and has the inventory number CG 61094. It was unwrapped by Gaston Maspero on June 28, 1886.

References[]

  1. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 200-201.
  2. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 205.
  3. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 200.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Smith, G.E., 1912: The Royal Mummies: Catalogue Général des Antiquités Égyptiennes du Musée de Caire. Duckworth Egyptology, Bath (Reprinted year 2000 version).
Predecessor:
Smendes II
High Priest of Amun
21st Dynasty
Successor:
Psusennes II
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