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Ptahmose
p
t
HmssA1
ptḥ-ms
"Born of Ptah"
Ptahmose Vizier

Detail from the stela of Ptahmose, showing him making offerings to Osiris. (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Predecessor:
Hepu
Vizier Successor:
Ramose
Predecessor:
Amenemweskhet
High Priest of Amun Successor:
Meryptah
Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Amenhotep III
Titles Vizier of the South
High Priest of Amun
Mayor of Thebes
Royal Sealbearer
Spouse(s) Apeni
Issue Thutmose, Huy, Nefertari, Mutemwia, Hemetnetjer, Mutnofret, Nefertari
Burial Theban Necropolis
For other pages by this name, see Ptahmose.

Ptahmose (transliteration: ptḥ-ms, meaning: "Born of Ptah") was Vizier of the South and High Priest of Amun under Pharaoh Amenhotep III of the Eighteenth Dynasty during the New Kingdom.

Biography[]

He was succeeded as vizier in the south by Ramose, and several documents in Ptahmose's name are spread among the world's main Egyptological collections dating him at the latest to 28–30 years after Amenhotep III's reign.

A stela at the Museum of Fine Arts of Lyon allows us to better know this man who – in a rare instance – combined the offices of Vizier, Mayor of Thebes, and High Priest of Amun. The stela's provenance is not indicated by the museum's archives, though it was probably deposited by Ptahmose's family ex voto at Abydos. It dates him to Amenhotep III's reign, since that pharaoh's cartouche appears on it. Its text is effectively made up of classic laudatory formulae addressed to Osiris as well as prayers that Ptahmose may profit from the offerings made to the god in his temple, which supports the stela coming from the god's temple rather than Ptahmose's tomb. It was erected after his death, since it calls him justified, a typical term given to the dead. He is shown in the robes of a high priest adoring Osiris and he addresses the reader in a set of classic formulae used by the dead in the form of a negative confession to the god. It mentions the expansion of Ptahmose's tomb at the pharaoh's expense and that it is joined to his funerary monument in the city of eternity, his final place of residence. A long biographical text gives the precise details of his career and in the lower register are shown his 7 children before their parents, in a typical pose for scenes of funerary offerings. It gives their names as Thutmose (chief prophet of Horus), Huy (younger brother, whose titles and offices are not specified), Nefertari, Mutemwia, Hemetnetjer, Mutnofret and a second Nefertari – all five daughters are musicians of Amun. Huy and the second Nefertari were probably still children or adolescents when the stela was put up, explaining why no offices are given for him and the representation of her as a young girl. The stela also tells us that Ptahmose's wife was called Apeni and was still alive when the stela was put up (since her name and titles are not followed by the qualifiers reserved for the dead mentioned above).[1]

Burial[]

Ptahmose was probably buried somewhere at the Theban Necropolis. Funerary cones of the First Prophet of Amun Ptahmose are in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.[2][3] One of his funerary cones attests him with the additional title of Royal Sealbearer.

References[]

  1. Varille 1931.
  2. Hayes 1990, p. 27.
  3. O'Conner & Cline 2001, p. 194, 202.

Bibliography[]

  • Hayes, C.W., 1990: The Scepter of Egypt Vol.2: The Hykos Period & the New Kingdom.
  • O'Conner, D./Cline, E.H., 2001: Amenhotep III: Perspectives on His Reign. University of Michigan Press.
  • Varille, A., 1931: Une stèle du vizir Ptahmes, contemporain d'Aménophis III (n° 88 du Musée de Lyon). Bulletin de l'Institut français d'archéologie orientale, Tome 30.
Predecessor:
Hepu
Vizier
18th Dynasty
Successor:
Ramose


Predecessor:
Amenemweskhet
High Priest of Amun
18th Dynasty
Successor:
Meryptah
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