Ancient Egypt Wiki
Preceded by:
Ptolemy VIII
Pharaoh of Egypt
Ptolemaic Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Berenice III
Ptolemy IX Soter
Ancient Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ
Romanized: Ptolemaios Soter
Latin: Ptolemaeus Salvator
Ptolemy IX

Relief of Ptolemy IX and Horus at the temple of Edfu.©

116–107 BC and 88–81 BC
Ptolemy, who Lives Eternally,
Beloved of Ptah
Father Ptolemy VIII
Mother Cleopatra III
Consort(s) Cleopatra IV, Cleopatra Selene I
Issue Berenice III, Ptolemy XII,
Ptolemy, Cleopatra V (?)
Born 143/2 BC or 140/39 BC
Died December 81 BC (aged 58-62)
Burial Alexandria (?)
For other pages by this name, see Ptolemy.

Ptolemy IX Soter (Ancient Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, "Ptolemy the Saviour", c. 141–61 BCE), commonly nicknamed Lathyros (Λάθυρος, "chickpea"), was a Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Dynasty during the Hellenistic Period. He was the son and successor of Ptolemy VIII and the eldest son born to Cleopatra III. He reigned as Ptolemy Philometor Soter in joint rule with his grandmother Cleopatra II and mother Cleopatra III from 116 to 107 BCE, and then again as Ptolemy Soter from 88 to 81 BCE. Ptolemy XI's reign was intervened by that of his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander I.

At first Ptolemy XI was chosen by his mother Cleopatra III to be her co-regent (his father Ptolemy VIII wished that she would rule with one of her sons), though she was more forced to choose him by the Alexandrians. He married his sister Cleopatra IV, but his mother pushed her out and replaced her with his younger sister Cleopatra Selene I. Later, she claimed that he tried to kill her, and successfully deposed him, putting her favorite son Alexander on the throne as co-regent with her. However, she later grew tired of the now Ptolemy X and deposed him, putting Ptolemy IX back on the throne. She was soon murdered by Ptolemy X, who took the throne again. He was then killed in battle, and Ptolemy IX reigned until his own death.

His daughter Berenice III took the throne after his death, and reigned for about a year. She was forced to marry her stepson Alexander, who reigned under the name Ptolemy XI Alexander II and had her killed 19 days later.

Ptolemy IX's name recalls that of his great ancestor, Ptolemy I Soter; note that in older references, he may be numbered VIII.

This page is a stub This article relating to Ancient Egyptian History is a stub. You can help the Ancient Egypt Wiki by expanding it.

External links[]

Ptolemy VIII
Pharaoh of Egypt
Ptolemaic Dynasty
Berenice III