Ancient Egypt Wiki
Preceded by:
Berenice III
Pharaoh of Egypt
Ptolemaic Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Ptolemy XII
Ptolemy XI Alexander II
Ancient Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Ἀλέξανδρος
Romanized: Ptolemaios Alexandros
Latin: Ptolemaeus Alexander
80 BC
Father Ptolemy X
Mother Cleopatra Selene I
Consort(s) Berenice III
Died 80 BC
Burial Unknown
For other pages by this name, see Ptolemy or Alexander.

Ptolemy XI Alexander II (Ancient Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Ἀλέξανδρος) was a Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Dynasty during the Hellenistic Period. He was a son of Ptolemy X Alexander I and Cleopatra Selene I and ruled Egypt for a few days in 80 BCE.

Ptolemy XI was born to Ptolemy X Alexander I and suposedly Cleopatra Selene I. His uncle Ptolemy IX died in 81 or 80 BCE, leaving only his sole legitimate daughter as his heir, and so Berenice III ruled alone for a time. However, Rome's Sulla wanted a pro-Roman ruler on the throne, and sent the young son of Ptolemy X to Egypt, displaying Ptolemy Alexander's will in Rome as justification for this obvious intervention.

The will also required Ptolemy XI to marry Cleopatra Berenice, who was his stepmother, cousin, and possible half-sister. However, nineteen days after the marriage, Ptolemy murdered his bride for unknown reasons, an unwise move since Berenice was very popular. As a result, Ptolemy was soon lynched by the citizens of Alexandria.

He was succeeded by his cousin Ptolemy XII, an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX.


  • Peter Green, Alexander to Actium (University of California Press, 1990), pp. 553-554 ISBN 0-520-05611-6
Berenice III
Pharaoh of Egypt
Ptolemaic Dynasty
Ptolemy XII