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Preceded by:
Ramesses IV
Pharaoh of Egypt
20th Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Ramesses VI
Ramesses V
Prince: Amunherkhepeshef
RamessesV

Obelisk with cartouche of Ramesses V at the Archaeological Museum, Bologna.

Reign
1149-1145 BC (4 years)
Praenomen
M23
t
L2
t
<
raF12C10rasL1
n
>
Usermaatre-Sekheperenre
The Justice of Re is Powerfull,
Re has Manifested him
Nomen
G39N5
<
raC12mssM23D2
Z1
F23
f
imn
n
N36
>
Ramesses-Amunherkhepeshef-
Meryamun
Born of Re, Amun is with his
Strong Arm, Beloved of Amun
Horus name
G5E1
D40
C10O25O33
Kanakhte-Menmaat
Strong Bull, Eternal Ma'at
Golden Horus
G8F12sM4M4M4W19it
U15
A40
Userrenputmiatum
Rich in years, like Atum
Legacy
Father Ramesses IV
Mother Duatentopet
Consort(s) Henutwati, Tawerettenru
Died 1145 BC
Burial KV9
For other pages by this name, see Ramesses.

Usermaatre-Sekheperenre Ramesses V (reigned 1149 B.C.E. – 1145 B.C.E.) was the fourth Pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty during the New Kingdom. He was the son of Ramesses IV and Queen Duatentopet. His name prior to assuming the crown was Amunherkhepeshef, probably after his uncle Crown Prince Amunherkhepeshef.

Family[]

See also: 20th Dynasty Family Tree.

The Wilbour Papyrus, a document dated to the reign of Ramesses V, mentions two queens named Henutwati and Tawerettenru. They are therefore both thought to be his wives.[1] However, Ramesses V is not known to have produced any offspring.

Dates and Length of Reign[]

Ramesses V is known to have had a reign of almost four full years.[2] The Wilbour Papyrus is believed to date to Year 4 of this king's reign.

Burial and Succession[]

Ramesses V was buried in his KV9 rock-cut tomb in the Valley of the Kings, which was later accomodated for the additional burial of his direct successor Ramesses VI. An ostracon records that Ramesses V was only buried on III Akhet day 2 in Year 2 of Ramesses VI, which was highly irregular since Egyptian tradition required a king to be mummified and buried precisely 70 days into the reign of their successor.[2]

Mummy[]

Ramesses V Mummy

Mummyhead of Ramesses V (Smith 1912).

The mummy of Ramesses V was found in 1898 to have been re-buried in side chamber Jb of the KV35 royal cache. The mummy seemed to indicate that he suffered and subsequently died from smallpox, due to lesions found on his face. He was thought to be one of the earliest known victims of the disease.[3][4] Grafton Elliot Smith commented that Ramesses V had been much younger at death than his predecessor, and noted that his body had been very well preserved.[5] Salima Ikram and Aidan Dodson place his age at death in the early thirties.[6]

In April 2021 his mummy was moved from the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities to National Museum of Egyptian Civilization along with those of 17 other kings and 4 queens in an event termed the Pharaohs' Golden Parade.[7]

See also[]

References[]

  1. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 193.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Clayton 1994, p. 167.
  3. Hopkins 1980, p. 22.
  4. Hornung 1997, p. 292.
  5. Smith 1912.
  6. Ikram & Dodson 1998.
  7. Parisse, Emmanuel (5 April 2021). "22 Ancient Pharaohs Have Been Carried Across Cairo in an Epic Golden Parade". ScienceAlert.

Bibliography[]

  • Clayton, P., 1994: Chronicle of the Pharaohs. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Hopkins, D.R., 1980: Ramses V: Earliest known victim? Wayback Machine.
  • Hornung, E., 1997: The Pharaoh. In: Sergio Donadoni and Robert Bianchi (ed.): The Egyptians. University of Chicago Press.
  • Ikram, S./Dodson, A., 1998: Mummies in Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Smith, G.E., 1912: The Royal Mummies. (2000 reprint ed.). Bath, UK: Duckworth.
Predecessor:
Ramesses IV
Pharaoh of Egypt
Twentieth Dynasty
Successor:
Ramesses VI
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