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Preceded by:
Ramesses V
Pharaoh of Egypt
20th Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Ramesses VII
Ramesses VI
Prince: Amunherkhepeshef
RamessesVI

Fragment of Ramesses VI's sarcophagus from KV9 now in British Museum, London.

Reign
1145-1137 BC (8 years)
Praenomen
M23
t
L2
t
<
raC12C10N36
nb
>
Nebmaatre-Meryamun
The Lord of Justice is Re,
Beloved of Amun
Nomen
G39N5
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raC12msz
z
R8S38O28
>
Ramesses-Amunherkhepeshef-
Netjerheqaiunu
Born of Re, Amun is with his Strong
Arm, God Ruler of Heliopolis
Horus name
G5E1
D40
O29
D36
Y1
n
M3Aa1
X1
D43
Z2
sS34N19O33
Kanakhte-Aanakhtu-Seankhtawy
Strong Bull, Great of Victories,
Who gives Life to the Two Lands
Nebty name
G16F12sT16
O4
d
Y1
D43
I8
Z3
Userkhepeshhedhefenu
He whose Blow is Powerful and
whose Attacks are Countless
Golden Horus
G8F12M4M4M4W19N17
V13
M22M22n
n
Userrenputmitatenen
Rich in Years like Tatenen
Legacy
Father Ramesses III
Mother Iset-Tahemdjeret
Consort(s) Nubkhesbed
Issue Ramesses VII, Amunherkhepeshef,
Panebenkemit, Iset
Died 1137 BC
Burial KV9 (initial), KV35 (reburial)
Monuments Mortuary temple
For other pages by this name, see Ramesses.

Nebmaatre-Meryamun Ramesses VI (reigned 1145 B.C.E. - 1137 B.C.E.) was the fifth Pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty during the New Kingdom. His name prior to assuming the throne was Amunherkhepeshef.

Family[]

See also: 20th Dynasty Family Tree.

Ramesses VI was a son of Pharaoh Ramesses III.[1] The presence of Ramesses VI's cartouches on a door-jamb of the QV51 tomb, which was mostly constructed during his reign and granted to the "King's Mother" and "King's Great Wife", Iset, which strongly suggests that she was his mother. Scholars generally consider her to be identical to Queen Iset-Tahemdjeret.[2]

Ramesses VI's queen consort was Nubkhesbed. Their children include; Amunherkhepeshef, Panebenkemit, Ramesses-Itamun, and Iset. Amunherkhepeshef predeceased his father, the former was buried in the KV13 tomb of chancellor Bay with some reliefs mentioning Nubkhesbed.[3] Panebenkemit is merely known from his depiction on a statue of his father, currently situated in the Luxor Museum.[3] Ramesses-Itamun ultimately succeeded his father on the throne as Ramesses VII. Iset was appointed by her father to the priestly roles of "God's Wife of Amun" and "Divine Adoratrice of Amun".[4]

Prior to Accession[]

Ramesses VI is estimated to have been born around Year 20 of Ramesses III.[5] As prince Amunherkhepeshef, he held the titles of Fanbearer on the King's Right Hand, Royal Scribe and Overseer of the Chariotry.[5] He was probably named after his deceased older (half-)brother, Amunherkhepeshef.

Dates and Length of Reign[]

Egypte louvre 129 ramses6

An ostrcon depicting Ramesses VI at the Louvre Museum, Paris.

In 1977, the Egyptologists Edward Wente and Charles van Siclen were the first to propose, upon reviewing the chronology of the New Kingdom period, that Ramesses VI lived into his eighth year of reign.[6] This hypothesis was vindicated the next year by the Egyptologist Jac Janssen, who published an analysis of an ostracon (IFAO 1425) which mentions the loan of an ox in the seventh and eighth years of an unnamed king who can only have been Ramesses VI.[7] Two years later, Lanny Bell reported further evidence that Ramesses VI not only reigned into his eighth regnal year but most likely completed it and lived into his ninth.[8] Ramesses VI's eighth year on the throne may also be mentioned in Theban graffito 1860a, which names the then serving High Priest of Amun, Ramessesnakhte. This graffito has also been ascribed to Ramesses X, but this interpretation has been contested and its ascription to Ramesses VI has been proposed as an alternative.[8] Based on Raphael Ventura's successful reconstruction of Turin Papyrus 1907+1908, Ramesses VI is now known to have enjoyed a reign of 8 Full Years.[9] He lived for 2 months into his brief regnal Year 9.

Monuments and Attestations[]

Procession of Princes[]

At Ramesses III's procession of princes at Medinet Habu, no names and titles were applied for the carved figures of princes by Ramesses III at the intended spaces. The list had been inscribed for the most part by Ramesses VI, who inscribed himself as both the second and third figure in procession.[5]

Burial and Succession[]

Ramesses VI was buried in his KV9 rock-cut tomb in the Valley of the Kings. He was succeeded on the throne by his son Ramesses VII. His tomb is located near the KV62 tomb of Tutankhamun. KV9 was first built for Ramesses V, who was buried there by Ramesses VI. The tomb was later accomodated for the latter's own burial as well. Papyrus Mayer B notes a robbery of their shared KV9 tomb and proposes that thieves gained entrance into it through the intersecting KV12 tomb.[10]

Mummy[]

Ramesses VI Mummy

Mummy of Ramesses VI (Smith 1912).

The mummy of Ramesses VI was discovered in 1898 by Victor Loret re-buried in side chamber Jb of the KV35 royal cache. A medical examination of his mummy revealed severe damage by ancient tomb robbers to his body with his head and torso being broken into several pieces by an axe.[11] Ramesses VI is believed to have been middle aged at death.

In April 2021 his mummy was moved from the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities to National Museum of Egyptian Civilization along with those of 17 other kings and 4 queens in an event termed the Pharaohs' Golden Parade.[12]

See also[]

References[]

  1. Grimal 1992, p. 288.
  2. Demas & Agnew 2016, p. 307.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 193.
  4. Bács 1995, p. 7-11.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Murnane 1971.
  6. Wente & Van Siclen 1977, p. 243–245.
  7. Janssen 1978, p. 45–46.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Bell 1980, p. 16.
  9. Ventura 1983, p. 271-277.
  10. Reeves 1990.
  11. Clayton 1994, p. 168.
  12. Parisse, Emmanuel (5 April 2021). "22 Ancient Pharaohs Have Been Carried Across Cairo in an Epic Golden Parade". ScienceAlert.

Bibliography[]

  • Bács, T., 1995: A Note on the Divine Adoratrix Isis, daughter of Ramesses VI. Göttinger Miszellen, Vol. 148.
  • Bell, L.D., 1980: Only one High Priest Ramessenakht and the second prophet Nesamun his younger son. Serapis, Vol. 6
  • Clayton, P., 1994: Chronicle of the Pharaohs. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Demas, M./Agnew, N., eds. 2016:Valley of the Queens Assessment Report: A Collaborative Project of the Getty Conservation Institute and the Supreme Council of Antiquities, Egypt. Vol. 1, Conservation and Management Planning. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute.
  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Grimal, N., 1992: A History of Ancient Egypt. Translated by Ian Shaw. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell publishing.
  • Janssen, J.J., 1975: Commodity prices from the Ramessid period : an economic study of the village of Necropolis workmen at Thebes. Brill, Leiden.
  • Kitchen, K.A., 1982: The Twentieth Dynasty Revisited. The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 68.
  • Murnane, W.J., 1971: The "King Ramesses" of the Medinet Habu Procession of Princes. Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, Vol. 9.
  • Reeves, C.N., 1990: The Valley of the Kings: the Decline of a Royal Necropolis. Kegan Paul International.
  • Smith, G.E., 1912: The Royal Mummies. (2000 reprint ed.). Bath, UK: Duckworth.
  • Ventura, R., 1983: More Chronological Evidence from Turin Papyrus Cat.1907+1908. Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 42, No. 4.
  • Wente, E.F./Siclen, C.C. van, 1977: A Chronology of the New Kingdom. In: Johnson, J. H.; Wente, E. F. (eds.): Studies in Honor of George R. Hughes. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization (SAOC). Vol. 39. The Oriental Institute, Chicago.
Predecessor:
Ramesses V
Pharaoh of Egypt
Twentieth Dynasty
Successor:
Ramesses VII
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