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Roma-Iry
D21
Aa15
D36D21
Z1
iiA51
rmꜥ-ry
GraniteStatueOfRoy-BritishMuseum-August19-08

Granite statue of Roma-Iry at the British Museum in London.©

Predecessor:
Bakenkhonsu I
High Priest of Amun Successor:
Mahuhy
Dynasty 19th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Ramesses IISeti II
Titles High Priest of Amun
Second Prophet of Amun
Third Prophet of Amun
Overseer of the Priests
God's Father
Count
Father Ipui
Spouse(s) Tamut, Tabastet
Issue Bakenkhonsu
Burial TT283
For other pages by this name, see Iry.

Roma-Iry or Roma, called Roy (transliteration: rmꜥ-ry) was a High Priest of Amun under pharaohs Ramesses II, Merenptah and Seti II of the 19th Dynasty during the New Kingdom.

Titles[]

On his stela, Roma-Iry is attested with the following titles: Noble, Count, God's Father, clean of hands, Priest of Kamutef, Overseer of the Priests of All the Gods, Third Prophet of Amun, Second Prophet of Amun, High Priest of Amun.

Family[]

Roma-Iry came from a Theban family and was the son of Ipui, a priest of Amun (other sources suggest that he was the son of Roma, whose wife was also called Roma). His older brother was Bakenkhonsu I and a younger brother named Ipui is also known.

Roma-Iry's wife Tamut is mentioned in his tomb,[1] while a wife called Tabest is named on a stele in Leiden (Netherlands).[2] A scene on the eighth pylon at Karnak depicts Roma-Iry as high priest with his son, Bakenkhonsu.[3]

Career[]

Roma-Iry served one rank below his brother in the priesthood of Amun at Thebes, promoting to the offices of Bakenkhonsu I as the latter rose higher. Hence, Roma-Iry, like his brother, served as Third and Second Prophet of Amun before finally becoming the High Priest. His son named Bakenkhonsu became Second Prophet in the priesthood.

A stela from Leiden, once located on the east side of the eighth pylon of the Karnak temple, bears an inscription from Roma-Iry:

"Let my son take my place. And my office will be in his hands. And may it pass from father to son forever, as a just and useful man does in his master's house."[1]

The son referred to here presumably being the Second Prophet Bakenkhonsu.[3] Unfortunately for Roma-Iry, his wish did not come true, since Seti II appointed his loyal official Mahuhy instead of Bakenkhonsu as High Priest of Amun in succession to Roma-Iry. Bakenkhonsu had doubtless affiliated himself with Amenmesses,[3] a rival king in Upper Egypt, and had therefore fallen in disfavor after Seti II retook control in the south. As a consequence, Bakenkhonsu's figure in the scene on the eighth pylon had been mutilated.[3]

Burial[]

Roma-Iry was buried in his TT283 rock-cut tomb at Dra' Abu el-Naga', which is part of the Theban Necropolis.[1]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Porter & Moss 2004.
  2. Schneider & Raven 1999, p. 40-41.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Dodson 2010, p. 74.

Bibliography[]

  • Porter, B./Moss, R.L.B., 2004: The Topographical Bibliography, Volume I Part 1. The Theban Necropolis. Private Tombs (2nd ed.).
  • Schneider, H.D./Raven, M.J., 1999: Life and Death Under the Pharaohs. Australia.
  • Dodson, A., 2010: Poisoned Legacy: The Fall of the Nineteenth Egyptian Dynasty. American University in Cairo Press.
Predecessor:
Bakenkhonsu I
High Priest of Amun
19th Dynasty
Successor:
Mahuhy
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