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Sah
Greek/Modern: Orion
D61N14G1A40
sꜣḥ
Sah
Period of
worship
PredynasticRoman Period
Symbol(s) Stars
Association Orion constellation, death,
afterlife
Appearance Anthropoid, stars
Egyptian
equivalent(s)
Osiris
Spouse(s) Sothis
Issue Sopdu

Sah (ancient Egyptian: sꜣḥ) is an ancient Egyptian god and personification of the constellation that encompassed the stars in Orion. Because Orion rises before Sirius, the star whose heliacal rising was the basis for the Solar Egyptian calendar, Sah was closely linked with Sopdet known by the ancient Greek name as Sothis, the goddess of the star Sirius. The god Sopdu is said to be the son of Sah and Sothis.

Sah is syncretized with Osiris, while Sopdet is syncretized with Osiris' mythological wife, Isis, resulting in the association of their son Sopdu with Horus. In the Pyramid Texts, from the 24th and 23rd centuries BC, Sah-Osiris is one of many gods whose form the dead pharaoh is said to take in the afterlife.[1]

Orion

The Orion constellation.©

References[]

  1. Wilkinson 2003, p. 127, 211.

Bibliography[]

  • Wilkinson, R.H., 2003: The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
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