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Preceded by:
Nebfautre
Pharaoh of Egypt
14th Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Merdjefare
Sehebre
Reign
1704-1699 BC (3-4 years)[1]
Praenomen
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Sehebre
He whom Re causes Jubilation
Legacy
Burial Unknown

Sehebre (transliteration: s-ḥb-rꜤ, meaning: "He whom Re causes Jubilation") was an ancient Egyptian Pharaoh of the Fourteenth Dynasty during the Second Intermediate Period. He was of Canaanite origin and ruled from Avaris over the eastern Nile Delta in Lower Egypt. Sehebre is merely known by his preserved throne name in the Turin King List (Col 8. Line 4 as per Gardiner).[2] This makes him either the fifth[3] or ninth[1][4] ruler of the dynasty. His reign length is recorded as 3 years, a lost amount of months and 1 day.[1]

No contemporary attestation of Sehebre is known to this day. However, Ryholt points out that this stands at odds with Sehebre's reign length of three to four years, the longest reign of the 14th Dynasty and only equaled by his successor Merdjefare. At the opposite, kings with shorter reigns, such as Nehesy who reigned around 1 year, are well attested by contemporary artefacts. Thus, Ryholt suggests that Sehebre is likely identical to either Wazad or Sheneh, both of which are well-attested rulers of the 14th Dynasty, but thus far unidentified with any of the kings listed in the Turin Canon.[1]

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References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Ryholt 1997.
  2. Gardiner 1987.
  3. Von Beckerath 1997.
  4. Baker 2008.

Bibliography[]

  • Baker, D.D., 2008: The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I - Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300 - 1069 BC. Stacey International.
  • Beckerath, J. von, 1997: Chronologie des pharaonischen Ägyptens. Münchner Ägyptologische Studien, Vol. 46. Mainz am Rhein.
  • Gardiner, A., 1987: The Royal Canon of Turin. Griffith Institute, Oxford.
  • Ryholt, K., 1997: The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period c. 1800-1550 B.C. Museum Tuscalanum Press, Copenhagen.
Predecessor:
Nebfautre
Pharaoh of Egypt
14th Dynasty
Successor:
Merdjefare
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