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Preceded by:
Unknown
Pharaoh of Egypt
15th Dynasty (?)
Succeeded by:
Unknown
Sharek
Shalek
Reign
c. 1610 BC (?)
Nomen
G39ra
<
M8D21
V31
>
Sharek
Legacy
Burial Unknown

Sharek (transliteration: šrk) may have been a Hyksos Pharaoh of the Fifteenth Dynasty during the Second Intermediate Period.

Attestation[]

Sharek is only attested as pharaoh on the genealogy of Ankhefensekhmet, which places his rule one generation before the Hyksos ruler, Apepi.[1]

Identification and Chronological Placement[]

Both Nicolas Grimal and William C. Hayes have proposed that Sharek should be identified with a king named Salitis, given as the founder of the Hyksos 15th Dynasty in Manetho's Aegyptiaca, a history of Egypt written in the 2nd century BC. They further equate Sharek and Salitis with Maaibre Sheshi, another ruler during Egypt's Second Intermediate Period mentioned on nearly 400 scarab seals.[1][2] Alternatively, Von Beckerath places Sharek in his 16th Dynasty as a vassal of the Hyksos.[3] Danish Egyptologist Kim Ryholt doubts Sharek's existence,[4] possibly since the genealogy of Ankhefensekhmet is a non-contemporary document composed in the 22nd Dynasty, several centuries after Sharek's supposed reign.

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hayes 1973, p. 59.
  2. Grimal 1992, p. 185.
  3. Von Beckerath 1999.
  4. Ryholt 1997, p. 402.

Bibliography[]

  • Beckerath, J. von, 1999: Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen. Münchner ägyptologische Studien, Heft 49, Mainz : P. von Zabern.
  • Grimal, N., 1992: A History of Ancient Egypt. Blackwell Books, Oxford.
  • Hayes, W.C., 1973: Egypt: from the death of Ammenemes III to Seqenenre II. In: Edwards, I.E.S. (ed.). The Cambridge Ancient History (3rd ed.), vol. II, part 1. Cambridge University Press.
  • Ryholt, K., 1997: The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period c.1800-1550 B.C. Museum Tuscalanum Press.
Predecessor:
Unknown
Pharaoh of Egypt
Fifteenth Dynasty (?)
Successor:
Unknown
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