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Preceded by:
Karomama-Meritmut
God's Wife of Amun Succeeded by:
Amenirdis I
Shepenupet I
Shepenupet I

Relief depicting Shepenupet I being beastfed by the goddess Hathor at Karnak. (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Praenomen
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Khnemetibamun
United with the Heart of Amun
Nomen
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Shepenupet-Meritmut
Gift of Opening, Beloved of Mut
Dynasty 23rd and 25th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Osorkon IIIShebitku
Titles God's Wife of Amun
Divine Adoratrice of Amun
King's Daughter
Father Osorkon III
Mother Karoadjet
Died ca. 710 BC
Burial Medinet Habu
For other pages by this name, see Shepenupet.

Khnemetibamun Shepenupet I (transliteration: šp-n-wp.t, meaning: "Gift of Opening") was an ancient Egyptian God's Wife of Amun of the Twenty-third and Twenty-fifth Dynasties during the Third Intermediate Period.

Name[]

As a God's Wife of Amun, Shepenupet's name is written inside a cartouche. She adopted the same epithet as her predecessor; Meritmut (mry.t-mwt, "Beloved of Mut"). Her praenomen was Khnemetibamun (ḫnm.t-ỉb-ỉmn, "United with the Heart of Amun"). She is the only God's Wife whose throne name refers to Amun, instead of his wife Mut.[1]

Family[]

Shepenupet I was a daughter of Pharaoh Osorkon III and Queen Karoadjet. Pharaohs Takelot III and Rudamun were her (half-)brothers.[2]

Biography[]

Presumably under her father's reign, Shepenupet was adopted as Divine Adoratrice of Amun; the heir of the God's Wife of Amun Karomama-Meritmut.

Shepenupet I succeeded Karomama as God's Wife of Amun during her father's reign. When Kashta, a Kushite monarch, extended his influence to the Theban area, she was compelled to adopt Kashta's daughter Amenirdis I as her successor and name her as her chosen heir. Shepenupet and Amenirdis are depicted together in Wadi Gasus as God's Wife and Divine Adoratrice respectively.[3]

Shepenupet is known to have survived into the reign of Shebitku, since she is depicted on a section of a wall in Temple J at Karnak which was decorated under this Nubian king.

Burial[]

Shepenupet I's tomb was discovered in the area of Medinet Habu at the Theban Necropolis.

References[]

  1. Török 1997, p. 148.
  2. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 226-227.
  3. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 231.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Török, L., 1997: The Kingdom of Kush: Handbook of the Napatan-Meroitic Civilization. Brill, Leiden/New York/Cologne.
Predecessor:
Karomama-Meritmut
God's Wife of Amun
23rd and 25th Dynasty
Successor:
Amenirdis I
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