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Preceded by:
Osorkon II
Pharaoh of Egypt
22nd Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Shoshenq IV
Shoshenq III
Sheshonk, Shishak
Reign
837–796 BC (41 years)
Praenomen
M23
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Usermaatre-Setepenre
Powerful Justice of Re,
Chosen of Re
Nomen
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Shoshenq-Meryamun
Shoshenq, Beloved of Amun
Legacy
Consort(s) Tentamenopet, Tadibastet,
Djedbastiuesankh
Issue Ankhesenshoshenq, Bakennefi,
Takelot, Pashedbastet,
Padibehenbastet, Pami (?)
Died 796 BC
Burial NRT V, Tanis
For other pages by this name, see Shoshenq.

Usermaatre-Setepenre Shoshenq III (transliteration: ššnq), also known as Sheshonk, was a pharaoh of the 22nd Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period. He ruled over Lower Egypt from Tanis, while Takelot II ruled over Upper Egypt from Thebes.

Name[]

Shoshenq III assumed the throne name (or prenomen) Usermaatre-Setepenre (transliteration: wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp-n-rꜤ, meaning: "Powerful Justice of Re, Chosen of Re"), which appears to emulate that of Ramesses the Great. Like Ramesses, Shoshenq also used the epithet Meryamun (ỉmn-mry, "Beloved of Amun") to accompany his birth name (or nomen).

Family[]

Shoshenq III's parentage remains unknown. He does not appear to be a son of his direct predecessor, Osorkon II. Shoshenq's queen consort was Tentamenopet, with whom a daughter named Ankhesenshoshenq is known. With a minor wife called Tadibastet he fathered a son; Bakennefi, who was the heir in Year 14. Another wife is known as Djedbastiuesankh. She was the mother of another son called Takelot, who became Generalissimo. Shoshenq III is known to have had two more sons whose mothers remain unknown; Pashedbastet, who held the office of High Priest of Amun at Tanis; and Padibehenbastet, who is attested in Year 28.[1] A certain prince Pami, probably identical to the later king, is attested in a text of a small statuary group (CG 9430) as "Great Chief of the Ma, Son of the Lord of the Two Lands, Shoshenq-Meryamun".[2][3] Although, "Shoshenq-Meryamun" may also refer to Shoshenq I, IV or V, he is usually identified with Shoshenq III, thereby probably making Pami his son.

Burial[]

Shoshenq III was buried in the looted tomb NRT V at the royal necropolis of Tanis.

References[]

  1. Dodson 2019, p. 115.
  2. Kitchen 1986, p. 103, no. 90
  3. Yoyotte 1988, p. 155.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A., 2012 (Revised and Updated 2019 Edition): Afterglow of Empire: Egypt from the Fall of the New Kingdom to the Saite Renaissance. The American University in Cairo Press.
  • Kitchen, K.A., 1986: The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (1100-650 B.C.). Aris & Phillips, Warminster.
  • Yoyotte, J., 1988: Des lions et des chats Contribution à la prosopographie de l'époque libyenne. RdE 39, 155-178.
Predecessor:
Osorkon II
Pharaoh of Egypt
22nd Dynasty
Successor:
Shoshenq IV
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