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Preceded by:
Shoshenq III
Pharaoh of Egypt
22nd Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Pami
Shoshenq IV
Sheshonk, Shishak
Reign
796–783 BC (13 years)
Praenomen
M23
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L2
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Hedjkheperre-Setepenre
Radiant is the Manifestation
of Re, Chosen of Re
Nomen
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M8
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Shoshenq-Meryamun-Sibastet-
Netjerheqaiunu
Shoshenq, Beloved of Amun,
Son of Bast, Divine Ruler of
Heliopolis
Legacy
Issue Pami (?)
Died 783 BC
Burial NRT V, Tanis
For other pages by this name, see Shoshenq.

Hedjkheperre-Setepenre Shoshenq IV (transliteration: ššnq) was the eighth pharaoh of the 22nd Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period. He ruled over Lower Egypt from Tanis.

Name[]

Shoshenq IV

Throne name of Shoshenq IV.

Shoshenq IV took the throne name (or prenomen) Hedjkheperre-Setepenre (transliteration: ḥḏ-ḫpr-rꜤ stp-n-rꜤ, meaning: "Radiant is the Manifestation of Re, Chosen One of Re"), which is identical to that of Shoshenq I. They also both accompanied their birth name (or nomen) with the epithets Meryamun and Netjerheqaiunu. Shoshenq IV, however, is known to have accompanied his birth name (or nomen) with an additional epithet which separates him from his namesake predecessor; Sibastet (transliteration: sꜢ-bst.t, meaning: "Son of Bast"). His name is thus realised as Hedjkheperre-Setepenre Shoshenq-Meryamun-Sibastet-Netjerheqaiunu.

Existence and identity[]

In 1986, David Rohl proposed that two king Shoshenqs were bearing the prenomen Hedjkheperre – (i) the well-known founder of the Dynasty, Hedjkheperre Shoshenq I, and (ii) a later pharaoh from the second half of the Dynasty, whom Rohl called Hedjkheperre Shoshenq (b) due to his exact position in the Dynasty being unknown. Following Rohl's proposal (first suggested by Pieter Gert van der Veen in 1984), the British Egyptologist Aidan Dodson supported the new king's existence by demonstrating that the earlier Hedjkheperre Shoshenq bore simple epithets in his titulary. In contrast, the later Hedjkheperre Shoshenq's epithets were more complex.[1]

Family[]

Shoshenq IV's parentage remains unknown. A certain prince Pami, probably identical to his successor, is attested in a text of a small statuary group (CG 9430) as "Great Chief of the Ma, Son of the Lord of the Two Lands, Shoshenq-Meryamun".[2][3] Although, it remains uncertain which king is meant by "Shoshenq-Meryamun" (as it could refer to Shoshenq I, III, IV or V), given the fact that Pami is now shown to be Shoshenq IV's direct successor, it may refer to him. Hence, Pami is possibly his son.

Burial[]

Shoshenq IV was buried in the looted tomb NRT V at the royal necropolis of Tanis.

References[]

  1. Dodson 2019, p. 122-123.
  2. Kitchen 1986, p. 103, no. 90
  3. Yoyotte 1988, p. 155.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A., 2012 (Revised and Updated 2019 Edition): Afterglow of Empire: Egypt from the Fall of the New Kingdom to the Saite Renaissance. The American University in Cairo Press.
  • Kitchen, K.A., 1986: The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (1100-650 B.C.). Aris & Phillips, Warminster.
  • Yoyotte, J., 1988: Des lions et des chats Contribution à la prosopographie de l'époque libyenne. RdE 39, 155-178.
Predecessor:
Shoshenq III
Pharaoh of Egypt
22nd Dynasty
Successor:
Pami
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