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Shoshenq
Sheshonk
M8
M8
n
q
ššnq
Shoshenq Q

Statue of the High priest of Amun Shoshenq, son of Osorkon I, from Karnak (CG 42194).[1]

Predecessor:
Iuput
High Priest of Amun Successor:
Iuwalot
Dynasty 22nd Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Osorkon I
Titles King's Son
Crown Prince
High Priest of Amun
Father Osorkon I
Mother Maatkare
Spouse(s) Nestanebetashru, Nestawadjetakhet, Ikhya
Issue Horsaiset, Osorkon
Burial Unknown
For other pages by this name, see Shoshenq.

Shoshenq (transliteration: ššnq) was an ancient Egyptian prince of the Twenty-second Dynasty during the Third Intermediate Period.

Family[]

Shoshenq was the eldest son and heir of Pharaoh Osorkon I by Princess Maatkare, the daughter of Psusennes II. His mother Maatkare is not attested with queenly titles, suggesting that she predeceased her husband's kingship.[2] While Maatkare's title "God's Mother of Horus, who Unites the Two Lands" indicates that Shoshenq may well have risen to kingship as Pharaoh Shoshenq IIa. His younger (half-)brothers include; Iuwalot, Smendes III, and Takelot I.

A total of three wives of Shoshenq are known; Nestanebetashru, Nestawadjetakhet and Ikhya. Shoshenq is furthermore known to have had two sons; Horsaiset and Osorkon. Osorkon is mentioned with his mother Nestawadjetakhet, but Horsaiset's mother remains unknown.[3]

Biography[]

As the eldest son and heir apparent of the ruling pharaoh, the office of High Priest of Amun was bestowed on Shoshenq. Consequently, he was the most important official in Upper Egypt after the king himself. Shoshenq was later succeeded in this office by his younger brother Iuwalot.

Burial[]

The whereabouts of Shoshenq's tomb and mummy remain unknown.

References[]

  1. Legrain 1914, p. 3-4; pl. 3.
  2. Dodson 2019, p. 96.
  3. Dodson 2019, p. 97.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A., 2012 (Revised and Updated 2019 Edition): Afterglow of Empire: Egypt from the Fall of the New Kingdom to the Saite Renaissance. The American University in Cairo Press.
  • Legrain, G., 1914: Statues et statuettes de rois et de particuliers. In: Catalogue général des antiquités égyptiennes du Musée du Caire. Vol. III. Le Caire.
Predecessor:
Iuput
High Priest of Amun
22nd Dynasty
Successor:
Iuwalot


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