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Sitiah
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zꜣt-ỉꜥḥ
"Daughter of the Moon"
Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Thutmose III
Titles King's Great Wife
King's Mother
God's Wife
Mother Ipu
Spouse(s) Thutmose III
Issue Amenemhat (?)
Burial Unknown
For other pages by this name, see Sitiah.

Sitiah (ancient Egyptian: zꜣt-ỉꜥḥ, "Daughter of the Moon") was an ancient Egyptian Queen of the Eighteenth Dynasty during the New Kingdom.

Titles[]

Sitiah is known to have held the titles; King's Wife (ḥmt-nswt), King's Great Wife (ḥmt-nswt-wrt), God's Wife (ḥmt-nṯr).[1]

Family[]

Sitiah was the principal wife of Pharaoh Thutmose III.[2] She was the daughter of the Royal Wet Nurse Ipu, who might have been identical with Ipu, the wife of Ahmose-Pennekhbet.[3] No children of Sitiah are known, though there is a possibility that Thutmose's eldest son, Crown Prince Amenemhat, who predeceased his father in his Year 35, was her son.[4] Sitiah died during her husband's reign and was succeeded as King's Great Wife by Meritre-Hatshepsut.

Attestation[]

Sitiah is attested in several places. In Abydos the text on an offering table mentions her mother, the "Nurse of the God" Ipu. The offering table was dedicated by the Lector Priest Therikiti.[5] A bronze votive axe-head(?) (now in the Cairo Museum), inscribed with the name of Queen Sitiah, was also found in Abydos.[6]

At the temple of Montu at Touphion a statue of the queen was dedicated by Thutmose III after Sitiah's death (the statue is now in the Cairo Museum).[7] Sitiah is also depicted before Thutmose III in a relief from Karnak and a stela in the Cairo Museum shows Queen Sitiah standing behind Tuthmose III.

Queen Sitiah is depicted behind Queen Meritre-Hatshepsut and Thutmose III on a pillar in the KV34 tomb of the king. Queen Sitiah is followed by King's Wife Nebetu and Princess Nefertari.

Burial[]

The whereabouts of Sitiah's burial and mummy remain unknown. A wooden tag inscribed "King's Daughter, Sitiah" was found in the KV64 rock-cut tomb in the Valley of the Kings,[8] but most likely belongs to a seperate individual since Queen Sitiah was not of royal birth and therefore not attested as King's Daughter.

References[]

  1. Grajetzki 2005, p. 53.
  2. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 140.
  3. "The New Kingdom Tombs of El Kab / Nekhen" by Anneke Bart.
  4. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 132–133, 137, 140.
  5. Porter & Moss 1937, p. 52.
  6. Porter & Moss 1937, p. 49.
  7. Porter & Moss 1937, p. 169.
  8. Susanne Bickel, Princesses, Robbers and Priests - The unknown side of the Kings' Valley. Presentation at a conference at the Museo Egizio in Turin, Italy, October 14 2017, Online; Sitiah addressed at 34:22 onwards.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Grajetski, W., 2005: Ancient Egyptian Queens: a hieroglyphic dictionary. Golden House Publications, London.
  • Porter, B./Moss, R.L., 1937: The Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglypic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings. Vol. V. Upper Egypt. Oxford University Press. (Reprinted: 1962 by Griffith Institute).
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