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Sitre
Tia-Sitre
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zꜣ.t-rʿ
"Daughter of Re"
Sitre

Sitre making offerings depicted on a wall relief in the temple at Abydos.

Dynasty 19th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) HoremhebSeti I
Titles King's Great Wife
Hereditary Princess
King's Mother
God's Mother
God's Wife
Lady of the Two Lands
Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt
Spouse(s) Ramesses I
Issue Seti I
Burial QV38

Sitre (ancient Egyptian: zꜣ.t-rʿ, "Daughter of Re") or Tia-Sitre was an ancient Egyptian Queen during the Nineteenth Dynasty in the New Kingdom.

Titles[]

Sitre is known to have held the titles Hereditary Princess (r.t-pʿt), Great King's Mother (mwt-nỉswt-wrt), God's Mother (mwt-nṯr), Lady of the Two Lands (nbt-tꜣwỉ), King's Wife (ḥmt-nỉswt), King's Great Wife (ḥmt-nỉswt-wrt), God's Wife (ḥmt-nṯr), and Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt (ḥnwt-Shmʿw-mḥw).[1] The absence of the title King's Daughter for her indicates that Sitre was of non-royal descent.[2]

Family[]

Sitre was the queen consort of Pharaoh Ramesses I with whom she is known to have had one son, Seti I, who succeeded his father.[3] Her grandchildren are Ramesses II, Tia, and probably Henutmire.

Name[]

The Year 400 Stela, found in Tanis and dated to the reign of Sitre's grandson Ramesses II describes Seti as the son of Paramessu (the name of Ramesses I before he became pharaoh) and Tia. Also, Seti's daughter was named Tia. It can be assumed that Tia and Sitre are the same person and that she altered her name when her husband became pharaoh, just like he changed his name from Paramessu to Ramesses. The fact that one of the daughters of Ramesses II was named Tia-Sitre makes it even more likely.[4]

Biography[]

Sitre probably resided for most of her life as a non-royal at Avaris in the Nile Delta, until her husband succeeded Horemheb as king. As queen, Sitre is shown together with her husband Ramesses I and their son Seti I in the latter's temple at Abydos, where she is called the King's Mother.[5] Strangely she does not hold this title in Seti I's tomb. However, in Sitre's own tomb she is.[4]

Burial[]

She was buried in the QV38 tomb of the Valley of the Queens. The tomb may have been commissioned by her son, Seti I, which would explain why she is called a King's mother in her tomb.[5] The decoration was unfinished, consisting of just line drawings.

References[]

  1. Grajetzki 2005.
  2. Settipani 1991, p. 176.
  3. Clayton 1994, p. 141.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 175.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Demas & Agnew 2012.

Bibliography[]

  • Clayton, P., 1994: Chronicle of the Pharaohs. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Demas, M./Agnew, N., 2012: Valley of the Queens Assessment Report: Volume 1. eds. Los Angeles, CA: Getty Conservation Institute.
  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Grajetzki, W., 2005: Ancient Egyptian Queens: a hieroglyphic dictionary. Golden House Publications.
  • Settipani, C., 1991: Nos ancêtres de l'Antiquité.
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