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Sobek, God of Nile products and Fertility, Patron of the Army and Military
Period of
Old KingdomRoman Period
Cult center Faiyum, Crocodilopolis, Ombos
Symbol(s) Crocodile
Association Crocodiles, protection, strength,
Appearance Therianthrope, crocodile
Father Set, Khnum
Mother Neith
Spouse(s) Renenutet

Sobek was the ancient Egyptian god of crocodiles. Sobek had a crocodile head. He held an ankh in one hand and a was-sceptre in the other. He was the son of Set and Neith. His name means "Watching Over You." He was the god who created the Nile, the source of life in Egypt. Sobek was thought to bring fertility and be able to control the waters. He was shown as a man with the head of a crocodile, or sometimes just a crocodile. He wore a plumed headdress on his head. Egyptians who worked or travelled on the Nile River would often pray to him for protection against crocodiles. Sobek was given particular prominence in the twelfth and thirteenth dynasties (1991 BC - 1650 BC). The main cities that worshipped Sobek were the ones near the Nile where crocodiles were common.


Solar aspect[]

Egyptian - Statue of a Crocodile with the Head of a Falcon - Walters 22347 - Right (cropped)

Statue of Sobek-Re from the Late Period at the Walters Art Museum.

Sobek first acquired a role as a solar deity through his connection to Horus, but this was further strengthened in later periods with the emergence of Sobek-Re, a fusion of Sobek and Egypt's primary sun god, Ra. A notable example of Sobek-Re is a Late Period statue of Sobek bearing the falcon head of Re-Horakhty from the Walters Art Museum.

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