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"Sobek is His Protector"
Stele JE 16.2.22

Stela depicting queen Sobekemsaf (center) along with other relatives.[1]

Dynasty 17th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Sobekemsaf IIIntef VI
Titles King's Great Wife
United with the White Crown
King's Daughter
King's Sister
Father Sobekemsaf II (?)
Spouse(s) Intef VI
Burial Unknown
For other pages by this name, see Sobekemsaf.

Sobekemsaf (transliteration: sbk-m-sꜣ-f, meaning: "Sobek is His Protector") was an ancient Egyptian Queen of the Seventeenth Dynasty during the Second Intermediate Period.


Her name ("Sobek is His Protector") is grammatically masculine. Although a female version of the name (sbk-m-sꜣ-s)[2] did exist, the queen is named Sobekemsaf in all sources, so it was not an error on the scribe's part, but she was probably named for an ancestor.[3] Masculine names for females were not uncommon during the Second Intermediate Period.[4]


Sobekemsaf's is known to have held the following titles: King's Great Wife (ḥm.t-nswt-wr.t), King's Wife (ḥm.t-nsw.t), United with the White Crown (ẖnm.t-nfr-ḥḏ.t), King's Daughter (zꜣ.t-nsw.t), and King's Sister (zn.t-nsw.t).[5]


As the daughter of a king, Sobekemsaf's father may have been Sobekemsaf II. She is clearly attested as the queen consort of Pharaoh Intef VI,[6] who was possibly also her brother.


Sobekemsaf is mentioned on a bracelet and a pendant, now both in the British Museum.[5]

In her family's hometown Edfu she is known from stelae. The first is Cairo CG 34009.[7] Another stela, also from Edfu (Cairo JE, depicts queen Sobekemsaf along with other relatives;[1][8] the queen's sister Neferuni and their mother, whose name is lost.


Although, a stela belonging to an 18th Dynasty official called Yuf, mentions the reconstruction of her tomb,[9] its location and that of her mummy remain unknown.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Engelbach 1922, p. 180, plate 1, no. 6.
  2. Grajetzki 2005, p. 304.
  3. Polz 2007, p. 39.
  4. Ranke 1952, p. 4.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Grajetzki 2005, p. 44.
  6. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 117-118.
  7. Engelbach 1922, p. 116.
  8. Polz 2014, p. 229.
  9. Breasted 1906, p. 44-46 §§ nos. 109−114.


  • Breasted, J.H., 1906: Ancient Records of Egypt. Vol. II. Chicago.
  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Engelbach, R., 1992: Steles and tables of offerings of the Late Middle Kingdom from Tell Edfû. Annales du Service des antiquités de l'Egypte, Vol. 22. Institut français d'archéologie orientale du Caire.
  • Grajetzki, W., 2005: Ancient Egyptian Queens: A Hieroglyphic Dictionary. Golden House Publications, London.
  • Polz, D., 2007: Der Beginn des Neuen Reiches. Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin & New York.
  • Polz, D., 2014: The Territorial Claim and the Political Role of the Theban State. In: Forstner-Müller & Moeller (eds.): The Hyksos Ruler Khyan and the Early Second Intermediate Period in Egypt: Problems and Priorities of Current Research. Proceedings of the Workshop of the Austrian Archaeological Institute and the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, Vienna.
  • Ranke, H., 1952: Die Ägyptischen Personennamen. Band II: Einleitung. J.J. Augustin, Glückstadt.