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Preceded by:
Meribre Set
Pharaoh of Egypt
13th Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Neferhotep I
Sobekhotep III
SobekhotepIII

Sobekhotep III worshipping Satet. The central hole was made when the relief was used as a grinding stone, long after the original carving. Now on display at the Brooklyn Museum.©

Reign
c. 1740 BC (3-4 years)
Praenomen Sekhemre-Sewadjtawy
Powerful one of Re,
who makes the Two Lands
Flourish
Nomen
G39ra
<
sbkHtp
t p
>
Sobekhotep
Sobek is Pleased
Horus name Khutawy
Protector of the Two Lands
Nebty name Khaiemsekhemef
Appearing in his Power
Golden Horus Hotephermaat
Ma'at is Satisfied
Legacy
Father Mentuhotep
Mother Iuhetibu
Consort(s) Senebhenas, Neni
Issue Iuhetibu-Fendy, Dedetanqet
Burial Unknown
Monuments chapel at el-Kab
For other pages by this name, see Sobekhotep.

Sekhemre-Sewadjtawy Sobekhotep III (transliteration: sbk-ḥtp, meaning: "Sobek is Pleased") was an ancient Egyptian Pharaoh of the 13th Dynasty during the Second Intermediate Period.

Sobekhotep III is known from a high number of objects, although he reigned only for three years. He added inscriptions to the temple of Montu at Madamud[1][2] and built a chapel at El-Kab.[3] An altar bearing his name was found on Sehel Island.[4][5]

The family of the king is very well known. His father was a certain Mentuhotep. His mother was called Jewetibaw. The king had two wifes, one with the name Senebhenas and the other with the name Neni. From Neni he had two daughters Jewetibaw and Dedtanuq. Jewetibaw wrote her name in a cartouche. This is a second time in Egyptian history that a king's daughter received this honor.

There are known many scarab seals from a officier of the ruler's table Sobekhotep begotten of the officier of the ruler's table Mentuhotep.[6] It is possible that they belong to Sobekhotep III before he became king.

GD-FR-LouvreEG134

Name of the king found on a block from Madamud

With Sobekhotep III started the core group of Thirteenth Dynasty kings. The following kings are all known from a high number of objects. These kings produced many seals and there are many private monuments datable to these reigns. Egypt was at this point again relatively stable.

References[]

  1. Bisson de la Roque & Clère 1927, p. 44.
  2. Porter & Moss 1937, p. 146-149.
  3. Ryholt 1997, p. 344.
  4. MacAdams 1946, p. 60, pl. VIII.
  5. Wild 1951, p. 12-16.
  6. Martin 1971, n. 575-588.

Bibliography[]

  • Bisson de la Roque, F./Clère, J.J., 1927: Fouilles de Médamoud, Cairo.
  • MacAdams, M.F.L., 1946: Gleanings from the Bankes MSS. In: Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 32.
  • Martin, G.T., 1971: Egyptian Administrative and Private Name Seals. Oxford.
  • Porter, B./Moss, R.L.B., 1937: Topographical bibliography of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic texts, reliefs, and paintings. Oxford University Press.
  • Ryholt, K., 1997: The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period c.1800-1550 B.C. Museum Tuscalanum Press.
  • Wild, H.A., 1951: A Bas-Relief of SekhemRe-Sewadjtowe Sebkhotpe. In: Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 37.
Predecessor:
Meribre Set
Pharaoh of Egypt
Thirteenth Dynasty
Successor:
Neferhotep I
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