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The Theban Western Wadis is a group of wadis located southwest of the Valley of the Kings,[1] consisting of the Wadi Bairiya, Wadi Gabbanat el-Qurud and Wadi el-Gharby.[2] It served as a necropolis primarily during the New Kingdom and falls under the greater Theban Necropolis. There are rock-cut tombs made for royal family members of the 18th Dynasty found in its valleys.[2]

Notable tombs and discoveries[]

The most notable tomb of Wadi Gabbanat el-Qurud is the tomb of Thutmose III's three foreign wives; Menhet, Menwi and Merti. The tomb is thought to have been discovered intact by local tomb robbers in 7 August 1916, but by the time a proper excavation took place only the gold and stone objects had survived as the wood and mummies had disintegrated.[3] Another important tomb is the cliff tomb of Hatshepsut, which was quarried for her as King's Great Wife of Pharaoh Thutmose II. When she became pharaoh in her own right, work on the tomb seized and it was never finished. The tomb of Hatshepsut's daughter Neferure is also situated in Wadi Gabbanat el-Qurud.[1]

Piers Litherland's clearance of four shaft tombs at the mouth of Wadi Bairiya brought to light burials of a group of court women of Amenhotep III's reign, including Queen Nebetnehat, Princess Tiaa, a King's Son called Menkheperre, a King's Wife called Henut, and at least 28 other individuals.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Lilyquist et al. 2003, p. 4.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Litherland 2018.
  3. Lilyquist et al. 2003, p. 678.


  • Lilyquist, C./Hoch, J.E./Peden, A.J., 2003: The Tomb of Three Foreign Wives of Tuthmosis III. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art.
  • Litherland, P., 2018: The Western Wadis of the Theban Necropolis.