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Thutmose
Ancient Egyptian: Djehutymes
Hellenized: Thutmosis
G26mss
ḏḥwty-ms
"Born of Thoth"

Relief depicting prince Thutmose.

Dynasty 18th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Amenhotep III
Titles Crown Prince
King's Eldest Son
Overseer of the Priests
High Priest of Ptah
Sem Priest of Ptah
Commander of the Troops
Father Amenhotep III
Mother Tiye
Burial KV35 (?)

Thutmose (ancient Egyptian: ḏḥwty-ms, "Born of Thoth") was an ancient Egyptian Crown Prince of the Eighteenth Dynasty during the New Kingdom.

Titles

Thutmose's known titles are Crown Prince, Overseer of the Priests of Upper and Lower Egypt, High Priest of Ptah in Memphis and Sem Priest of Ptah.[1]

Family

Thutmose was the eldest son of Pharaoh Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye. As the first born son he was his father's intended heir. Younger brothers include Amenhotep IV and Smenkhkare. His sisters were Sitamun, Iset, Henuttaneb, Nebetah, and probably Baketaten.

Life

Thutmose first served as a Sem Priest of Ptah at Memphis and then later rose to the office of High Priest of Ptah.[2] He seems to have had responsibility for the Apis bulls.[1] A limestone relief from the Shrine of Apis at Saqqara, now at the Neues Museum in Berlin, shows Thutmose standing behind his father, Amenhotep III, making offerings in the role of High Priest of Ptah.[citation needed]

Thutmose as a miller, Louvre Museum.

Thutmose is known from a relatively small number of objects. A small schist statuette in the Louvre Museum shows the prince as a miller and another small schist statue in Berlin depicts him as a mummy lying on a bier with a ba-bird on his chest.[3] The miller statuette is inscribed on three sides with this text:

"(right) sḥḏ the king's son the sem-priest Djhutmose: (left) I am the servant of this noble god, his miller. (front) Incense for the Ennead of the western necropolis."[1]

Sarcophagus of Prince Thutmose's cat, Ta-miu.

Thutmose is best remembered for the limestone sarcophagus of his cat, Ta-miu (she-cat),[4] allegedly found at Mit-Rahina (former Memphis)[1] and currently in the Cairo Museum. The cat sarcophagus of Prince Thutmose conclusively establishes that he was indeed the eldest son of Amenhotep III, since it provides his then current title of 'Crown Prince'.[1] Thutmose is also attested by a total of 7 pairs of calcite and pottery vases in the Louvre.[1]

A whip from the KV62 tomb of Tutankhamun bearing the name Thutmose, probably refers to him as well.[3]

Death and Burial

Thutmose disappears from the historical record and thus seems to have died some time during the third and final decade of Amenhotep III's reign.[3] In his place, his younger brother Amenhotep IV, later known as Akhenaten, succeeded their father to the throne.

Thutmose's original tomb remains unknown. He may have been reburied in the KV35 rock-cut tomb of Amenhotep II in the Valley of the Kings. The tomb served as a mummy cache for New Kingdom royals during the Third Intermediate Period.

Mummy

Two mummies found in KV35 have been attributed to Thutmose. The first being that of a young boy, who died around the age of ten and was found along with the mummies of Queen Tiye and The Younger Lady. The other being the so-called Mummy on the Boat, who appeared to have been an adult male, but unfortunately it was destroyed by modern tomb robbers in 1901 and now lost. Both these mummies could also have been the remains of Prince Webensenu, a son of Amenhotep II.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Dodson 1990, p. 87-88.
  2. Dodson 2009, p. 4.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Dodson & Hilton 2005, p. 157.
  4. Kozloff & Bryan 1992, p. 425, fig.XIV.1.

Bibliography

  • Dodson, A., 1990: Crown Prince Djhutmose and the Royal Sons of the Eighteenth Dynasty. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 76. Sage Publications, Inc.
  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Dodson, A., 2009: Amarna Sunset: Nefertiti, Tutankhamun, Ay, Horemheb, and the Egyptian Counter Reformation. The American University in Cairo Press.
  • Kozloff, A./Bryan, B., 1992: Royal and Divine Statuary, Egypt’s Dazzling Sun: Amenhotep III and his World. Cleveland.
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