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Tiye
tiiiZ4B1
tỉy
Dynasty 20th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) Ramesses III
Titles King's Wife
Spouse(s) Ramesses III
Issue Pentawer
Burial Probably none
For other pages by this name, see Tiye.

Tiye or Tiy (ancient Egyptian: tỉy) was an ancient Egyptian secondary wife of the 20th Dynasty during the New Kingdom. She was the wife of Pharaoh Ramesses III, against whom she instigated a conspiracy.[1]

Family[]

Tiye's parentage remains unknown. She was a secondary wife of Pharaoh Ramesses III and they are only known to have had one child; Prince Pentawer.

Attestation[]

Main article: Harem Conspiracy.

Tiye is known from the Judicial Papyrus of Turin, which recorded that there was a Harem Conspiracy against Ramesses III, in which several people in high positions in the pharaoh's government were involved. The conspirators wanted to kill the king and place Tiye's son Pentawer on the throne, instead of the appointed heir, the son of Queen Tyti, one of the king's two chief wives.[2]

Ramesses was attacked by multiple assailants, one slitting his throat, another removing his big toe with a heavy sword or axe. However, his designated heir was able to control the situation, and succeeded him as Ramesses IV. The conspirators were caught, brought to trial, and condemned. Most were burned to death and their ashes scattered in the street. Others, including Pentawer, were compelled to commit suicide. However, Tiye's fate remains unknown.[3]

Burial[]

Given the harsh punishments on the conspiritors, Tiye (as one of them) is not believed to have received a proper burial.

See also[]

References[]

  1. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 194.
  2. Collier et al. 2010, p. 242-247.
  3. Dodson & Hilton 2004, p. 190, 193-194.

Bibliography[]

  • Dodson, A./Hilton, D., 2004: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, London.
  • Collier, M./Dodson, A./Hamernik, G., 2010: P. BM 10052, Anthony Harris and Queen Tyti. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 96.
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