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Statue of Tuya from the Vatican.

Dynasty 19th Dynasty
Pharaoh(s) HoremhebRamesses II
Titles King's Great Wife
King's Mother
Hereditary Princess
God's Wife
Lady of the Two Lands
Father Raya
Mother Ruya
Spouse(s) Seti I
Issue Nebkhasetnebet (?), Tia,
Ramesses II, Henutmire
Burial QV80

Tuya or Mut-Tuya (ancient Egyptian: mwt-twỉꜣ) was a Queen of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt during the New Kingdom.


On a statue of Tuya in Vatican Museum (no. 28),[1] her titles are given; King's Mother, God's Wife, King's Great Wife and Lady of the Two Lands.[2]


Tuya was the daughter of Raya, who was a military officer based on his title of "Lieutenant of the Chariotry".[3] Her mother was called Ruya. Tuya was the queen consort of Pharaoh Seti I with whom she is known to have had three children; Tia, Ramesses II, and probably Henutmire. Tuya's daughter Tia was married to a high-ranking civil servant who was also called Tia.[3] Her son Ramesses II later succeeded his father and married his probable younger sister Henutmire. Another theory suggests that Seti I and Tuya's eldest son was a certain Nebkhasetnebet, who died in infancy.[4]


Tuya probably resided for most of her life as a non-royal at Avaris in the Nile Delta, until her husband Seti I was appointed heir to the throne of Egypt. After which she held the title of Hereditary Princess.[2]

She outlived her husband's reign and as the mother of Pharaoh Ramesses II, she enjoyed a privileged existence of a respected king's mother and was allowed the opportunity to correspond with the Hittite royal court after the Year 21 peace treaty between Egypt and Hatti put in place by Ramesses II.


Tuya likely died soon after regnal Year 22 of Ramesses II and was buried in QV80, an impressive Rock-cut tomb in the Valley of the Queens.[1] In her tomb, Tuya "was stripped of the first part of her name to become plain Tuya for eternity; the loss of the prefix Mut- suggests that her death had ended in an almost divine earthly status".[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Tyldesley 2000, p. 122.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kitchen 1996.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Tyldesley 2000, p. 116.
  4. Schneider 2002, p. 354-355.


  • Kitchen, K.A., 1996: Ramesside Inscriptions, Translated & Annotated: Translations. Volume II, Blackwell Publishers.
  • Schneider, T., 2002: Lexikon der Pharaonen. Patmos, Düsseldorf.
  • Tyldesley, J., 2000: Ramesses: Egypt's Greatest Pharaohs. Penguin Books.