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Wadi (Arabic: وَادِي) is the Arabic term traditionally referring to a valley. In dry climate instances, such as Egypt, it refers to a dry riverbed that contains water only when heavy rain occurs.

Wadi East Egypt

Wadis in northeastern Egypt

Permanent channels do not exist, due to lack of continual water flow. Wadis have braided stream patterns because of the deficiency of water and the abundance of sediments. Water percolates down into the stream bed, causing an abrupt loss of energy and resulting in vast deposition. Wadis may develop dams of sediment that change the stream patterns in the next flash flood.

Wadi as Necropolis[]

Wadis were often chosen as necropolises in ancient Egypt. The most famous examples include the Valley of the Kings, the Valley of the Queens, and the Amarna Royal Wadi. The floods in these wadis has over time caused major damage to paintings in many tombs. In the Valley of the Kings these floods caused the KV62 tomb to have been covered by sediment and rubble in antiquity, leaving its location forgotten until its modern discovery by Howard Carter in 1922.

See Also[]

Copyright Images[]

  • Wadi East Egypt: By Anton Lefterov - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0.