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The Wadi Gabbanat el-Qurud is a Wadi located southwest of the Valley of the Kings.[1] It served as a necropolis during the New Kingdom and Second Intermediate Period. There are rock-cut tombs made for 18th Dynasty royal family members found in the valley.

The Wadi branches off into four major sections referred to as Wadi A, B, C and D. Wadi Gabbanat el-Qurud is grouped with Wadi el-Gharby (devided in branches called Wadi E, F and G) and Wadi Bairiya under the Theban Western Wadis.[2]

Wadi A[]

Wadi A is also known as Wadi Sikkat Taqet Zaid. This area likely served as a burial ground for queens during the early Eighteenth Dynasty. The most notable tomb in Wadi A is the cliff tomb of Hatshepsut, which was quarried for her as King's Great Wife of Pharaoh Thutmose II. When she became pharaoh in her own right, work on the tomb seized and it was never finished. The tomb of Hatshepsut's daughter Neferure may have been close to her tomb in Wadi A as well, though another tomb in Wadi C might be hers instead.[1] The total amount of tombs in Wadi A is uncertain, but only the aformentioned are significant.

Wadi B[]

The number of tombs in Wadi B is unknown, but there seem to have been no noteworthy tombs discovered here.

Wadi C[]

The most notable tomb in Wadi C is a completed and used tomb that probably belonged to Neferure. Alternatively, her tomb may have been in Wadi A.[1]

Wadi D[]

The most notable tomb in Wadi D is Tomb 1, which was the tomb of Thutmose III's three foreign wives; Menhet, Menwi and Merti. The tomb is thought to have been discovered intact by local tomb robbers in 7 August 1916, but by the time a proper excavation took place only the gold and stone objects had survived as the wood and mummies had disintegrated.[3] By the Late or Hellenistic Period, Wadi D became a place for sacred baboon burials.[4]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lilyquist et al. 2003, p. 4.
  2. Litherland 2018.
  3. Lilyquist et al. 2003, p. 678.
  4. Lilyquist et al. 2003, p. 2.

Bibliography[]

  • Lilyquist, C./Hoch, J.E./Peden, A.J., 2003: The Tomb of Three Foreign Wives of Tuthmosis III. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art.
  • Litherland, P., 2018: The Western Wadis of the Theban Necropolis.
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